비다

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Korean 뷔〯다〮 (Yale: pwǔy-tá), 븨〯다〮 (Yale: pǔy-tá).

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 뷔〯다〮 (Yale: pwǔy-tá).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈpi(ː)da̠]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?bida
Revised Romanization (translit.)?bida
McCune–Reischauer?pida
Yale Romanization?pīta

Verb[edit]

Korean verb set
Base 비다 (bida)
Causative비우다 (biuda)

비다 (bida) (infinitive or 비어, sequential 비니) (intransitive)

  1. to be empty (in general)
    Antonym: 차다 (chada)
  2. to be vacant, to be unoccupied
    Antonym: 차다 (chada)
  3. to be empty-handed
  4. to be free, to be available
  5. to be lacking, to be insufficient

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]