Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+8896, 袖
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8896

[U+8895]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8897]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 145, +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 中中田 (LLW), four-corner 35260, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1114, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34192
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1580, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3083, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8896

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

𧙏
𠍡

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ljɯwɢs
*ljɯwɢs
*ljɯwɢs, *lɯwɢs
*l̥ʰɯw
*l̥ʰɯw, *l'ɯwɢ
*l'ɯw
*l'ɯw
*l'ɯw, *ɦljɯw, *lɯw
*rlɯw
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*lɯw, *lɯwɢs
*lɯw
*lɯw
*lɯw
*lɯw
*lɯwɢs
*lɯwɢs, *l'ɯwɢ
*lɯwɢs
*l'ɯːwɢ, *l̥ʰɯwɢ
*l'ɯːwɢ
*l'ɯːwɢ
*l'ɯːwɢ
*l'ɯwɢ
*l'ɯwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ljɯwɢs): semantic  (clothing) + phonetic  (OC *lɯw).

Etymology[edit]

Part of a word family referring to any cover that one slips over something; cognate with (OC *l'ɯwɢs, “helmet”) (Schuessler, 2007). Schuessler (2007) reconstructs the word with a *s- suffix, which could play an iterative role, as sleeves come in pairs.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiou⁵¹/
Harbin /ɕiou⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕiou⁵³/
Jinan /ɕiou²¹/
Qingdao /siou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /siou³¹²/
Xi'an /ɕiou⁴⁴/
Xining /ɕiɯ²¹³/
Yinchuan /ɕiəu¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕiou¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕiɤu²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕiəu³⁵/
Chengdu /ɕiəu¹³/
Guiyang /ɕiəu²¹³/
Kunming /ɕiəu²¹²/
Nanjing /siəɯ⁴⁴/
Hefei /ɕiɯ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəu⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ɕiəu³⁵/
Hohhot /ɕiəu⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ʑiɤ²³/
Suzhou /zɤ³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiø¹³/
Wenzhou /jɤu²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiu²²/
Tunxi /siu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /siəu⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ɕiəɯ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰiu²¹/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰiu⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰiu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɐu²²/
Nanning /t͡sɐu²²/
Hong Kong /t͡sɐu²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siu²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siɛu²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /siu⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siu²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡siu³⁵/
/ui²¹³/ 訓讀

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (17)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/zɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ziuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ziəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zuwH/
Li
Rong
/ziuH/
Wang
Li
/zĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/zi̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiù
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiù
Middle
Chinese
‹ zjuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*sə.[l]u-s/
English sleeve

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15510
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ljɯwɢs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. sleeve
  2. to tuck inside one's sleeve
  3. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 袖子 (“sleeve (of clothing)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 袖子衣袖
Mandarin Beijing 袖兒袖子
Taiwan 袖子
Harbin 袖子
Shenyang 袖子
Jinan 袖子
Muping 袖兒袖子
Luoyang 袖子袖筒
Xi'an 袖子
Zhengzhou 袖兒
Xining 袖子
Xuzhou 袖子
Yinchuan 袖子
Lanzhou 袖子
Ürümqi 袖子
Wuhan 袖子袖籠 dated
Huanggang 袖子
Chengdu 袖子
Guiyang 袖子
Liuzhou 袖子
Kunming 袖子
Yangzhou 袖子
Nanjing 袖子
Hefei 袖子
Nantong 衣袖管兒
Cantonese Guangzhou 衫袖
Hong Kong 衫袖
Shunde 衫袖
Foshan 衫袖
Zhongshan
Dongguan 衫袖
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 衫袖
Doumen 衫袖
Taishan 衫袖
Kaiping 衫袖
Shaoguan 衫袖
Yunfu 衫袖
Yangjiang 衫袖
Xinyi 衫袖
Lianjiang 衫袖
Danzhou
Kuala Lumpur 衫袖
Ho Chi Minh City 衫袖
Gan Nanchang 衫袖
Lichuan 衫袖
Pingxiang 衫袖
Hakka Meixian 袖仔衫袖
Xingning 衫袖袖哩
Huidong 衫袖
Qujiang 衫袖
Xiaosanjiang 衫袖
Changting 衫袖
Pingyu 衫袖
Wuping 衫袖
Liancheng 手袖
Ninghua 手袖
Yudu 衫袖袖筒
Ruijin 衫袖
Shicheng 衫袖
Shangyou 衫袖
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 衫袖
Liudui (S. Sixian) 衫袖衫袖仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 衫袖
Dongshi (Dabu) 衫袖
Hsinchu (Raoping) 衫袖
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 衫袖
Hong Kong 衫袖
Senai
Singkawang 衫袖
Huizhou Jixi 衫袖
Jin Taiyuan 袖子袖攏
Pingyao 袖袖袖子
Xinzhou 袖子
Min Bei Jian'ou 手䘼
Dikou 手䘼
Songxi 手䘼
Zhenghe 手䘼
Zhenqian 手䘼
Jianyang 手䘼
Wuyishan 手䘼
Shibei 手䘼
Min Dong Fuzhou 手䘼
Changle 手䘼
Fuqing 手䘼
Yongtai 手䘼
Gutian 手䘼
Fu'an 手䘼
Ningde 手䘼
Shouning 手𥀱
Zhouning 手䘼
Fuding 手䘼
Min Nan Xiamen 手䘼
Quanzhou 手䘼
Zhangzhou 手䘼
Taipei 手䘼
Kaohsiung 手䘼手䘼仔
Tainan 手䘼
Taichung 手䘼手䘼仔
Wuqi 手䘼
Hsinchu 手䘼
Taitung 手䘼
Lukang 手䘼
Sanxia 手䘼
Yilan 手䘼
Kinmen 手䘼
Magong 手䘼
Penang 手䘼
Singapore 手䘼
Chaozhou 手䘼衫䘼
Shantou 手䘼
Haifeng 衫䘼
Johor Bahru 手䘼
Wenchang 衫䘼手䘼
Haikou 衫䘼手䘼
Leizhou 衫䘼
Puxian Min Putian 手䘼
Xianyou 手䘼
Pinghua Nanning 衫袖
Shehua Fu'an 手䘼
Fuding 手䘼
Luoyuan 手䘼
Sanming 衫口
Shunchang 衫口
Hua'an 手衫口
Guixi 衫口
Cangnan 手䘼
Jingning 手䘼
Lishui 手䘼
Longyou 手䘼
Chaozhou 手䘼
Fengshun 衫袖
Wu Shanghai 袖子袖子管
Suzhou 袖子管袖子衣裳管
Wuxi 袖子管衣袖管
Hangzhou 袖子袖子管
Wenzhou 衫袖
Chongming 袖子袖子管
Danyang 衣袖
Jinhua 衫袖袖口
Ningbo 袖頭子
Xiang Changsha 衣袖子衣袖袖子
Shuangfeng 衣袖子衫盡子衫盡
Loudi 衫袖子衫袖

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. sleeve
  2. arm, wing
  3. backstage, offstage

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
そで
Grade: S
kun’yomi

⟨so2 te⟩/sode/

From Old Japanese.

Originally a compound of (so, robe; clothing) +‎ (te, hand; arm).[1][2] The te changes to de as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana そで, rōmaji sode)

  1. a sleeve, an arm (of an article of clothing)
  2. a wing of a building
  3. (theater) a wing of a stage
  4. the portion of a desk that extends to either side of one's lap, and that usually contains drawers or shelves

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana そで, rōmaji Sode)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname​.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. ^ Joshua S. Mostow (1996) Pictures of the Heart: The Hyakunin Isshu in Word and Image, illustrated edition, University of Hawaii Press, →ISBN, page 354

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune–Reischauer su, Yale swu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tụ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.