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U+7B1B, 笛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7B1B

[U+7B1A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7B1C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 118, +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹中田 (HLW), four-corner 88603, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 879, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25917
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1307, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2955, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7B1B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ljɯwɢs
*ljɯwɢs
*ljɯwɢs, *lɯwɢs
*l̥ʰɯw
*l̥ʰɯw, *l'ɯwɢ
*l'ɯw
*l'ɯw
*l'ɯw, *ɦljɯw, *lɯw
*rlɯw
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*l'ɯwɢs
*lɯw, *lɯwɢs
*lɯw
*lɯw
*lɯw
*lɯw
*lɯwɢs
*lɯwɢs, *l'ɯwɢ
*lɯwɢs
*l'ɯːwɢ, *l̥ʰɯwɢ
*l'ɯːwɢ
*l'ɯːwɢ
*l'ɯːwɢ
*l'ɯwɢ
*l'ɯwɢ

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with (OC *lowɢ, “bamboo flute”) (Baxter, 1992).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • liah7 - vernacular;
  • tit7 - literary.
  • Hakka
  • Note:
    • tha̍k - vernacular;
    • thi̍t - literary.
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ta̍t, ti̍h - vernacular;
    • te̍k/tia̍k - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ti³⁵/
    Harbin /ti²⁴/
    Tianjin /ti⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ti⁴²/
    Qingdao /ti⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ti⁴²/
    Xi'an /ti²⁴/
    Xining /t͡sz̩²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ti¹³/
    Lanzhou /ti⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ti⁵¹/
    Wuhan /ti²¹³/
    Chengdu /ti³¹/
    Guiyang /ti²¹/
    Kunming /ti³¹/
    Nanjing /tiʔ⁵/
    Hefei /tiəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /tiəʔ⁵⁴/
    Pingyao /tiʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /tiəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /diɪʔ¹/
    Suzhou /diəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /diəʔ²/
    Wenzhou /di²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /tʰi²²/
    Tunxi /tʰe¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ti²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ti²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /liɑʔ²/
    /tʰiʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /tʰak̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /tit̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tɛk̚²/
    Nanning /tek̚²²/
    Hong Kong /tɛk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tik̚⁵/
    /tiʔ⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tiʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ti²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tek̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdak̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (127)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /dek̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /dek̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dɛk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dɛjk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /dek̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /diek̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱiek̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dek ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*lˁiwk/
    English flute

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15537
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l'ɯːwɢ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. flute
    2. whistle

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ふえ
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    Likely related to the verb 吹く (fuku, to blow).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ふえ, rōmaji fue)

    1. (music) flute, whistle, pipe

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jeok) (hangeul , revised jeok, McCune–Reischauer chŏk, Yale cek)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (địch, sáo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.