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U+5F26, 弦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F26

[U+5F25]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F27]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 57 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 弓卜女戈 (NYVI), four-corner 10232, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 357, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9754
  • Dae Jaweon: page 674, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 993, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5F26

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡeːn
*ɡeːn, *qʰʷeːn
*ɡeːn
*ɡeːn
*ɡeːn, *ɡʷeːn
*ɡeːn
*ɡeːn
*ɡeːn
*ɡʷeːn
*ɡʷeːn, *ɡʷeːn
*ɡʷeːn, *ɡʷeːn
*ɡʷeːn
*kʷeːn
*ɡʷeːn
*ɡʷeːn
*ɡʷeːn
*ɡʷeːn
*ɡʷeːn
*ɡʷreːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡeːn): semantic (bow) + phonetic (OC *ɡʷeːn).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕian³⁵/
Harbin /ɕian²⁴/
Tianjin /ɕian⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕiã⁴²/
Qingdao /ɕyã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕyan⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕiã²⁴/
Xining /ɕiã²⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕian⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕiɛ̃n⁵³/ 彈~子
/ɕyɛ̃n⁵³/ 續~
Ürümqi /ɕian⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕiɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕyan³¹/
Guiyang /ɕian²¹/
Kunming /ɕiɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /ɕyen²⁴/
Hefei /ɕyĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕye¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕye̞¹³/
Hohhot /ɕye³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦi²³/
Suzhou /ɦiɪ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦiẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /ji³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕye⁴⁴/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ɕiẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /ɕiẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ɕyɵn⁴⁵/ 三~
Hakka Meixian /hian¹¹/
Taoyuan /hien¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jin²¹/
Nanning /jin²¹/
Hong Kong /jyn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hian³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xyiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hĩ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hin³¹/
/i³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦen/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦen/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɛn/
Li
Rong
/ɣen/
Wang
Li
/ɣien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xián
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xián
Middle
Chinese
‹ hen ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ˤi[n]/
English string of bow or instrument

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14020
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡeːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. string
  2. crescent
  3. spring of a clock
  4. (music) string on a musical instrument
  5. (music) stringed instruments or music played by stringed instruments
  6. (mathematics) chord
  7. (geometry) hypotenuse
  8. (figuratively) wife
  9. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. bowstring

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyeon) (hangeul , revised hyeon, McCune-Reischauer hyŏn, Yale hyen)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(huyền)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.