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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 57 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 弓卜女戈 (NYVI), four-corner 10232, composition)

  1. string
  2. string (of a bowed instrument)
  3. hypotenuse, crescent, chord

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 357, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9754
  • Dae Jaweon: page 674, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 993, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5F26

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕian³⁵/
Harbin /ɕian²⁴/
Tianjin /ɕian⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕiã⁴²/
Qingdao /ɕyã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕyan⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕiã²⁴/
Xining /ɕiã²⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕian⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕiɛ̃n⁵³/ 彈~子
/ɕyɛ̃n⁵³/ 續~
Ürümqi /ɕian⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕiɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕyan³¹/
Guiyang /ɕian²¹/
Kunming /ɕiɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /ɕyen²⁴/
Hefei /ɕyĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕye¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕye̞¹³/
Hohhot /ɕye³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦi¹³/
Suzhou /ɦiɪ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦiẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /ji³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕye⁴⁴/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ɕiẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /ɕiẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ɕyɵn⁴⁵/ 三~
Hakka Meixian /hian¹¹/
Taoyuan /hien¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jin²¹/
Nanning /jin²¹/
Hong Kong /jyn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hian³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xyiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hĩ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hin³¹/
/i³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (33)
Final: (85)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: xián
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦen/ /ɦen/ /ɣɛn/ /ɦɛn/ /ɣen/ /ɣien/ /ɣien/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xián ‹ hen › /*[ɢ]ˤi[n]/ string of bow or instrument

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14020 2 /*ɡeːn/

Noun[edit]

  1. string on a musical instrument

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyeon) (hangeul , revised hyeon, McCune-Reischauer hyŏn, Yale hyen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(huyền)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.