desperate

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin dēspērātus, past participle of dēspērō (to be without hope)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈdɛsp(ə)ɹət/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

desperate (comparative more desperate, superlative most desperate)

  1. In dire need of something.
    I hadn't eaten in two days and was desperate for food.
  2. Being filled with, or in a state of despair; hopeless.
    • c. 1590–1591, William Shakespeare, “The Two Gentlemen of Verona”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene ii]:
      Since his exile she hath despised me most, / Forsworn my company and rail'd at me, / That I am desperate of obtaining her.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 16, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      “[…] She takes the whole thing with desperate seriousness. But the others are all easy and jovial—thinking about the good fare that is soon to be eaten, about the hired fly, about anything.”
    I was so desperate at one point, I even went to see a loan shark.
  3. Without regard to danger or safety; reckless; furious.
    a desperate effort
  4. Beyond hope; causing despair; extremely perilous; irretrievable.
    a desperate disease;  desperate fortune
  5. Extreme, in a bad sense; outrageous.
  6. Extremely intense.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)

Noun[edit]

desperate (plural desperates)

  1. A person in desperate circumstances or who is at the point of desperation, such as a down-and-outer, addict, etc.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

desperate

  1. plural and definite singular attributive of desperat

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

dēspērāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of dēspērō

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Adjective[edit]

desperate

  1. definite singular of desperat
  2. plural of desperat

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Adjective[edit]

desperate

  1. definite singular of desperat
  2. plural of desperat