From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+807E, 聾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-807E

[U+807D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+807F]
U+F945, 聾
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F945

[U+F944]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F946]

Translingual

[edit]

Han character

[edit]

(Kangxi radical 128, +16, 22 strokes, cangjie input 卜心尸十 (YPSJ), four-corner 01401, composition )

Derived characters

[edit]

References

[edit]
  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 970, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29212
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1422, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2800, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+807E

Chinese

[edit]
trad.
simp.
alternative forms 𰭹

Glyph origin

[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *roːŋ) : phonetic (OC *b·roŋ, *mroːŋ) + semantic (ear) – deaf.

Etymology

[edit]

Perhaps related to (OC *sloŋʔ, “deaf”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation

[edit]

Note:
  • lè̤ng - vernacular;
  • lùng - literary.
Note:
  • lâng - vernacular;
  • lông - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter luwng
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/luŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/luŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/luŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ləwŋ/
Li
Rong
/luŋ/
Wang
Li
/luŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/luŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lóng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
lung4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ luwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.rˁoŋ/
English deaf

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8417
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*roːŋ/

Definitions

[edit]

  1. deaf

Usage notes

[edit]
  • (lóng) can be used as a stand-alone adjective. However, the term 耳聾耳聋 (ěrlóng) may occasionally be used instead due to homophony with (lóng, “dragon”).

Synonyms

[edit]

See also

[edit]
  • (máng, “blind”)
  • (, “mute”)

Compounds

[edit]

Japanese

[edit]

Kanji

[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. deafness
  2. deaf

Readings

[edit]

Compounds

[edit]

Etymology 1

[edit]
Kanji in this term
つんぼ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
つんぼ
[noun] [from 1595] (likely offensive) deafness, deaf
[noun] [from 1595] (likely offensive) a deaf person
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 2

[edit]
Kanji in this term
みみしい
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
みみしい
[noun] , 耳癈: [late 800s – ???] (archaic, possibly obsolete) deafness, deaf
[noun] , 耳癈: [late 800s – ???] (archaic, possibly obsolete) a deaf person
Alternative spelling
耳癈
(This term, , is an alternative spelling (rare) of the above term.)

Korean

[edit]

Hanja

[edit]

(rong>nong) (hangeul >, revised rong>nong, McCune–Reischauer rong>nong, Yale long>nong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.