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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 女中X竹 (VLXH), four-corner 40427, composition𠂔)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 258, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6164
  • Dae Jaweon: page 523, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1032, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+59CA

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (姊), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 即里切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɨX/ /t͡siX/ /t͡siəX/ /t͡sɨX/ /t͡sɨX/ /t͡sĭəX/ /t͡sieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ tsijX › /*[ts][i]jʔ/ older sister

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17870 2 𡛷 /*ʔsiʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. elder sister

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ja) (hangeul , revised ja, McCune-Reischauer cha)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tỉ, tỷ, chị)

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