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See also:
U+6583, 斃
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6583

[U+6582]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6584]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 66, +14, 18 strokes, cangjie input 火大一弓心 (FKMNP), four-corner 98211, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 476, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13417
  • Dae Jaweon: page 831, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1478, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6583

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
斃-bronze.svg 斃-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*peds
*peds, *ped
*peds, *ped
*peds, *peːd
*pʰeds, *pʰed
*beds, *bed
*beds, *bed
*beds
*beds
*ped
*ped
*ped, *pʰed, *peːd
*pʰed, *pʰeːd
*pʰed, *pʰeːd
*bed, *pʰeːd
*pʰeːd
*pʰeːd
*pʰeːd
*beːd
*beːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *beds, *bed): phonetic  (OC *beds, *bed) + semantic  (death).

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (35)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/biᴇiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/biɛiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/bjæiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/biajH/
Li
Rong
/biɛiH/
Wang
Li
/bĭɛiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯ɛiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjiejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]e[t]-s/
English fall down (from wound or illness)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 632 647
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*beds/ /*bed/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to fall down; to collapse
  2. to perish
  3. to die; to get killed
  4. (colloquial) to kill with a gun (especially for execution)
  5. (colloquial) to cancel (a show, etc.)

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 槍斃 (“to execute by firing squad”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 槍斃, 槍決
Mandarin Beijing 槍斃, ,
Taiwan 槍斃
Harbin 槍斃, 槍癟, 槍崩, , ,
Jinan 槍斃, ,
Luoyang 槍斃, 叫炮
Wanrong 槍斃
Xi'an 槍斃
Xining 槍斃
Xuzhou , ,
Yinchuan 槍崩, 槍排, ,
Lanzhou 槍斃, ,
Ürümqi 槍斃
Chengdu 敲沙罐兒, 敲沙罐
Guiyang 槍斃, 敲沙罐, 毃沙罐, 捱炮眼
Liuzhou 打靶, 打背
Yangzhou ,
Nanjing 槍斃
Cantonese Guangzhou 打靶
Hong Kong 打靶, 槍斃
Foshan 打靶
Shunde 打靶
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 辣窿
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 打靶
Doumen 打靶
Taishan 打靶
Kaiping (Chikan) 打靶
Dongguan 打靶, 槍斃
Gan Nanchang 槍斃
Lichuan 槍斃
Pingxiang 槍斃
Hakka Meixian 槍決, 打靶
Yudu ,
Huizhou Jixi 槍斃
Jin Taiyuan 槍崩
Xinzhou 槍崩
Min Bei Jian'ou 𢫦炮, 槍斃
Min Dong Fuzhou 槍斃
Min Nan Xiamen 拍銃
Quanzhou 拍銃
Zhangzhou 拍銃, 扢響, 扢穿
Taipei 銃殺
Kaohsiung 銃殺
Haikou 拍靶
Leizhou 拍靶
Pinghua Nanning 槍斃
Wu Shanghai 槍斃
Suzhou 槍斃
Hangzhou 槍斃
Wenzhou 槍斃,
Chongming 槍斃
Danyang 槍斃
Jinhua 槍斃
Xiang Changsha 槍斃
Loudi 槍斃

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(pye) (hangeul , revised pye, McCune–Reischauer p'ye, Yale phyey)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tệ, tễ)

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