aku

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See also: akū, Aku, Akụ, āku, āķu, and a'kü

Banjarese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

Pronoun[edit]

aku

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

Brooke's Point Palawano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *ʔakúʔ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)aku.

Pronoun[edit]

aku

  1. I (personal pronoun)

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A reduction of akumulaator, ultimately from Latin accumulātor.

Noun[edit]

aku (genitive aku, partitive akut)

  1. battery, cell, accumulator

Declension[edit]

Declension of aku (ÕS type 16/pere, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative aku akud
accusative nom.
gen. aku
genitive akude
partitive akut akusid
illative akku
akusse
akudesse
inessive akus akudes
elative akust akudest
allative akule akudele
adessive akul akudel
ablative akult akudelt
translative akuks akudeks
terminative akuni akudeni
essive akuna akudena
abessive akuta akudeta
comitative akuga akudega

Greenlandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Inuit *aku- (interval, to mix), from Proto-Eskimo *akuv- (between, to mix). Compare akunneq (interval) and akulaaq (crotch).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aku (plural akut)

  1. ingredient
  2. estuary, mouth of a river

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Guaraní[edit]

Adjective[edit]

aku

  1. hot

Hadza[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

aku

  1. what kind?, which?

Related terms[edit]

Hawaiian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aku

  1. bonito, skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis)

Particle[edit]

aku

  1. direction away from the speaker, away
  2. soon, later, earlier, last (week, year, etc.)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Mai and aku may change the meaning of the verb:
    aʻo mai (to learn)aʻo aku (to teach)
    kūʻai mai (to buy)kūʻai aku (to sell)

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Iban[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

Pronoun[edit]

aku

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

Indonesian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay aku, from Classical Malayاكو(aku), from Proto-Malayic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku. Compare Maori aku, Malagasy aho. Doublet of daku.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈʔä.ku]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: a‧ku
  • Rhymes: -ku

Pronoun[edit]

aku (first-person singular pronoun, referring to the speaker)

  1. I
    Aku mau makan.I want to eat.
  2. me
    Dia mengajak aku.He invite me.
  3. (colloquial) my (belonging to me)
    Kucing aku hitam.My cat is black.

Usage notes[edit]

  • This is an informal form of first-person singular personal pronoun.
  • The form is shortened to -ku when used as a possessive pronoun and the direct/indirect object of a verb.

Alternative forms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

aku

  1. Rōmaji transcription of あく

Jarai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *ikuR, from Proto-Austronesian *ikuR.

Noun[edit]

aku (classifier ƀĕ)

  1. tail

Javanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

aku

  1. Romanization of ꦲꦏꦸ

Kabishiana[edit]

Noun[edit]

äḳu

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Merritt Ruhlen, The Origin of Language: Tracing the Evolution of the Mother Tongue (1996, →ISBN

Kapampangan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *ʔakúʔ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: a‧ku
  • IPA(key): /ˈaku/, [ˈäː.xu]

Pronoun[edit]

áku

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

Karo Batak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

Pronoun[edit]

aku

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

aku f

  1. inflection of aka:
    1. accusative/instrumental singular
    2. genitive plural

Malay[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

First attested in the Telaga Batu inscription, 683 AD, as Old Malay [script needed] (aku).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

aku (Jawi spellingاکو⁩)

  1. I (personal pronoun)
    Aku orang itu.
    I am that person.
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
    Ini aku.
    This is me.
  5. my (belonging to me)
    Ini beg aku.
    This is my bag.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Should not be used when speaking to anyone who is elder or of a higher status.

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

aku (Jawi spellingاکو⁩)

  1. to confess, to admit to be true.
    Dia akui kesalahan dirinya
    He admits his own mistake.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Maori[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Eastern Polynesian *au, from Proto-Nuclear Polynesian *au, from Proto-Polynesian *au, from Proto-Oceanic *au, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.
Cognate with Indonesian aku, Malagasy aho, Tagalog ako.

Pronoun[edit]

aku

  1. my (when talking of more than one thing)
    Ko aku tīpuna ērā.Those are my grandparents.

Usage notes[edit]

A possessive determiner which must be followed by a noun, unlike āku and ōku. This is the neutral or informal form and is not governed by the a and o categories. It cannot be stressed, in which case either āku or ōku must be used, depending on the category of the noun.

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • aku” in John C. Moorfield, Te Aka: Maori-English, English-Maori Dictionary and Index, 3rd edition, Longman/Pearson Education New Zealand, 2011, →ISBN.

Mbyá Guaraní[edit]

Adjective[edit]

aku

  1. (to be) hot

Conjugation[edit]

Mmen[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aku

  1. forest

Further reading[edit]

Mori Bawah[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bungku-Tolaki *ku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

Pronoun[edit]

aku

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

Moronene[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bungku-Tolaki *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

Pronoun[edit]

aku

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

Nupe[edit]

Àkú

Etymology[edit]

From Hausa aku.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /à.kú/

Noun[edit]

àkú (plural àkúzhì)

  1. African gray parrot (Psittacus erithacus)

Old Javanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

Pronoun[edit]

aku

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Javanese: ꦲꦏꦸ (aku)

References[edit]

  • "aku" in P.J. Zoetmulder with the collaboration of S.O. Robson, Old Javanese-English Dictionary. 's-Gravenhage: M. Nijhoff, 1982.

Sasak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

Pronoun[edit]

aku

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

Tausug[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku.

Pronoun[edit]

aku

  1. I

Ternate[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

aku (Jawiأكو⁩)

  1. (auxiliary) to be allowed, may
    aku ua sakali-sakali ana ihoru sosirait is absolutely not allowed that they paddle earlier
    una owosa toma hito, mina moaku uahe enters the kitchen, she may not
    ngone fosabea ge akuwe (incl.) may pray for that

Usage notes[edit]

As an auxiliary, aku follows the main verb. It may take the subject clitics (o, mo, etc.) only either for emphasis or when aku is used as the sole verb in a sentence.

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of aku
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st toaku foaku miaku
2nd noaku niaku
3rd Masculine oaku iaku, yoaku
Feminine moaku
Neuter iaku
- archaic

References[edit]

  • Frederik Sigismund Alexander de Clercq (1890) Bijdragen tot de kennis der Residentie Ternate, E.J. Brill
  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Tokelauan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈa.ku]
  • Hyphenation: a‧ku

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *qa-ku. Cognates include Maori āku.

Pronoun[edit]

a aku

  1. (alienable) mine
See also[edit]

Determiner[edit]

aku

  1. (alienable) my
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *haku. Cognates include Hawaiian aʻu and Samoan a'u.

Noun[edit]

aku

  1. needlefish of the genus Strongylura

References[edit]

  • R. Simona, editor (1986) Tokelau Dictionary[1], Auckland: Office of Tokelau Affairs, page 10

Totoli[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)aku.

Pronoun[edit]

aku

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)