Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/(s)kewd-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*(s)kewd-[1][2]

  1. to advance, push
  2. to drive, propel

Derived terms[edit]

  • *(s)kéwd-e-ti ~ *(s)kéwd-o-nti (thematic root present)[2]
    • Indo-Iranian: *čáwdati
    • >? Albanian:[2]
    • >? Germanic: *skeutaną (to shoot) (disputed[4]) (see there for further descendants)
Unsorted formations
  • >? Scythian: *Skuδat (shooter)[5]
    • Ancient Greek: Σκύθης (Skúthēs, Scythian) (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius, “2. (s)keud-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 3, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, 1959, page 955
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 “*(s)keu̯d-”, in Rix, Helmut, editor, Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, 2001, →ISBN, page 560
  3. ^ Orel, Vladimir, “Proto-Indo-European/(s)kewd-”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, 1998, →ISBN, page 143-144
  4. ^ Kroonen, Guus, “*skeutan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2013, →ISBN, page 445
  5. ^ Szemerényi, Oswald, Four old Iranian ethnic names: Scythian – Skudra – Sogdian – Saka[1], Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1980, →ISBN>