expugno

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See also: expugnó

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ex +‎ pugnō (fight).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

expugnō (present infinitive expugnāre, perfect active expugnāvī, supine expugnātum); first conjugation

  1. (transitive, military) I capture, take by storm, conquer (a fortified place).
    • 27 BCE – 25 BCE, Titus Livius, Ab urbe condita libri 26.1
      Q. Fuluio Ap. Claudio, prioris anni consulibus, prorogatum imperium est atque exercitus quos habebant decreti, adiectumque ne a Capua quam obsidebant abscederent priusquam expugnassent.
      The military authority of Quintus Fulvius and Appius Claudius, consuls of the previous year, was extended and the armies which they had were decided upon, and it was added as a proviso that they should not withdraw from Capua, which they were besieging, until they conquered it.
  2. (transitive) I storm, assault; break down or through; sweep through.
  3. (transitive, figuratively) I subdue, overcome, reduce (a set of conditions; disease)
    1. (transitive, figuratively, by extension) I persuade, convince.
    2. (transitive, by extension) I extort, wring out, obtain by extortion, importune
    3. (transitive, figuratively, by extension) I accomplish, achieve (something).
  4. (transitive) I plunder, pillage, sack (a property, city).

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of expugno (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present expugnō expugnās expugnat expugnāmus expugnātis expugnant
imperfect expugnābam expugnābās expugnābat expugnābāmus expugnābātis expugnābant
future expugnābō expugnābis expugnābit expugnābimus expugnābitis expugnābunt
perfect expugnāvī expugnāvistī expugnāvit expugnāvimus expugnāvistis expugnāvērunt, expugnāvēre
pluperfect expugnāveram expugnāverās expugnāverat expugnāverāmus expugnāverātis expugnāverant
future perfect expugnāverō expugnāveris expugnāverit expugnāverimus expugnāveritis expugnāverint
passive present expugnor expugnāris, expugnāre expugnātur expugnāmur expugnāminī expugnantur
imperfect expugnābar expugnābāris, expugnābāre expugnābātur expugnābāmur expugnābāminī expugnābantur
future expugnābor expugnāberis, expugnābere expugnābitur expugnābimur expugnābiminī expugnābuntur
perfect expugnātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect expugnātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect expugnātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present expugnem expugnēs expugnet expugnēmus expugnētis expugnent
imperfect expugnārem expugnārēs expugnāret expugnārēmus expugnārētis expugnārent
perfect expugnāverim expugnāverīs expugnāverit expugnāverīmus expugnāverītis expugnāverint
pluperfect expugnāvissem expugnāvissēs expugnāvisset expugnāvissēmus expugnāvissētis expugnāvissent
passive present expugner expugnēris, expugnēre expugnētur expugnēmur expugnēminī expugnentur
imperfect expugnārer expugnārēris, expugnārēre expugnārētur expugnārēmur expugnārēminī expugnārentur
perfect expugnātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect expugnātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present expugnā expugnāte
future expugnātō expugnātō expugnātōte expugnantō
passive present expugnāre expugnāminī
future expugnātor expugnātor expugnantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives expugnāre expugnāvisse expugnātūrus esse expugnārī expugnātus esse expugnātum īrī
participles expugnāns expugnātūrus expugnātus expugnandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
expugnāre expugnandī expugnandō expugnandum expugnātum expugnātū

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • expugno in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • expugno in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • expugno” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to take, storm a town: oppidum capere, expugnare
    • to board and capture a boat: navem expugnare
  • expugno in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

expugno

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of expugnar.