pugno

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See also: pugnó and pugnò

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian pugno.

Noun[edit]

pugno ‎(accusative singular pugnon, plural pugnoj, accusative plural pugnojn)

  1. fist

Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

pugno ‎(plural pugnos)

  1. fist

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pugnus, from Proto-Italic *pugnos, from Proto-Indo-European *puǵnos, *puḱnos, from *pewǵ-, *peuḱ-(prick, punch)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpuɲo/, [ˈpuɲ.ɲo]
  • Hyphenation: pù‧gno

Noun[edit]

pugno m ‎(plural pugni, obsolete plural pugna)

  1. fist
  2. punch
  3. fistful, handful

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Verb[edit]

pugno

  1. first-person singular present indicative of pugnare

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From pugnus(fist), from Proto-Indo-European *puǵ-no-, from *peuǵ-, *peuḱ-(prick, punch).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

pugnō ‎(present infinitive pugnāre, perfect active pugnāvī, supine pugnātum); first conjugation

  1. I fight, combat, battle, engage.
  2. I contend, conflict, oppose, contradict.
  3. I endeavour, struggle, strive.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of pugno (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pugnō pugnās pugnat pugnāmus pugnātis pugnant
imperfect pugnābam pugnābās pugnābat pugnābāmus pugnābātis pugnābant
future pugnābō pugnābis pugnābit pugnābimus pugnābitis pugnābunt
perfect pugnāvī pugnāvistī, pugnāsti1 pugnāvit pugnāvimus pugnāvistis, pugnāstis1 pugnāvērunt, pugnāvēre
pluperfect pugnāveram pugnāverās pugnāverat pugnāverāmus pugnāverātis pugnāverant
future perfect pugnāverō pugnāveris pugnāverit pugnāverimus pugnāveritis pugnāverint
passive present pugnor pugnāris, pugnāre pugnātur pugnāmur pugnāminī pugnantur
imperfect pugnābar pugnābāris, pugnābāre pugnābātur pugnābāmur pugnābāminī pugnābantur
future pugnābor pugnāberis, pugnābere pugnābitur pugnābimur pugnābiminī pugnābuntur
perfect pugnātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect pugnātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect pugnātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pugnem pugnēs pugnet pugnēmus pugnētis pugnent
imperfect pugnārem pugnārēs pugnāret pugnārēmus pugnārētis pugnārent
perfect pugnāverim pugnāverīs pugnāverit pugnāverīmus pugnāverītis pugnāverint
pluperfect pugnāvissem, pugnāssem1 pugnāvissēs, pugnāsses1 pugnāvisset, pugnāsset1 pugnāvissēmus, pugnāssemus1 pugnāvissētis, pugnāssetis1 pugnāvissent, pugnāssent1
passive present pugner pugnēris, pugnēre pugnētur pugnēmur pugnēminī pugnentur
imperfect pugnārer pugnārēris, pugnārēre pugnārētur pugnārēmur pugnārēminī pugnārentur
perfect pugnātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect pugnātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pugnā pugnāte
future pugnātō pugnātō pugnātōte pugnantō
passive present pugnāre pugnāminī
future pugnātor pugnātor pugnantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives pugnāre pugnāvisse, pugnāsse1 pugnātūrus esse pugnārī pugnātus esse pugnātum īrī
participles pugnāns pugnātūrus pugnātus pugnandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
pugnāre pugnandī pugnandō pugnandum pugnātum pugnātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • pugno in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pugno in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • PUGNO in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.pugno”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be mutually contradictory: inter se pugnare or repugnare
    • to contradict oneself, be inconsistent: secum pugnare (without sibi); sibi repugnare (of things)
    • to fight for hearth and home: pro aris et focis pugnare, certare, dimicare
    • to fight on horseback: ex equo pugnare
    • the issue of the battle is undecided: ancipiti Marte pugnatur
    • to fight hand-to-hand, at close quarters: collatis signis (viribus) pugnare
    • to fight in open order: laxatis (opp. confertis) ordinibus pugnare
    • to fight like lions: ferarum ritu pugnare
    • to fight in skirmishing order: rari dispersique pugnare (B. C. 1. 44)
    • (ambiguous) the issue of the day was for a long time uncertain: diu anceps stetit pugna
    • (ambiguous) to come off victorious: superiorem (opp. inferiorem), victorem (proelio, pugna) discedere

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

pugno

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of pugnar.