pugno

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: pugnó and pugnò

Esperanto[edit]

Esperanto Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia eo

Etymology[edit]

Orthographic borrowing from Italian pugno, from Latin pugnus (fist; handful). Compare French poing, Spanish puño, Romanian pumn, Portuguese punho. Doublet of ponardo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pugno (accusative singular pugnon, plural pugnoj, accusative plural pugnojn)

  1. fist
    Li kolere svingis sian pugnon al mi. "Ni batalu," li kriis.He angrily swung his fist at me. "Let's fight," he cried.

Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

pugno (plural pugnos)

  1. fist

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pugnus, from Proto-Italic *pugnos, from Proto-Indo-European *puǵnos, from *pewǵ- (prick, punch).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pugno m (plural pugni or (archaic or literary) pugna f)

  1. fist
  2. punch
  3. fistful, handful
  4. (figuratively, by extension) small quantity; handful
    • 2020 September 24, Massimo Basile, “Biden sì, ma non troppo: nel Minnesota di Floyd nessun voto è scontato [Biden yes, but not too much: in Floyd's Minnesota no vote is taken for granted]”, in la Repubblica[1]:
      In realtà da decenni qui i repubblicani perdono per un pugno di voti.
      In reality, for decades Repubblicans have been losing by a handful of votes.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: μπουνιά f (bouniá)

Verb[edit]

pugno

  1. first-person singular present indicative of pugnare

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From pugnus (fist) +‎ .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pugnō m

  1. dative/ablative singular of pugnus

Verb[edit]

pugnō (present infinitive pugnāre, perfect active pugnāvī, supine pugnātum); first conjugation

  1. I fight, combat, battle, engage.
    Synonyms: lūctor, repugnō, contendō, dēcernō, committō, concurrō, certō, bellō, dīmicō, cōnflīgō, serō
  2. I contend, conflict, oppose, contradict.
  3. I endeavour, struggle, strive.
    Synonyms: certō, cōnītor, cōnor, appetō, temptō, affectō, tendō, quaerō, studeō, contendō, adnītor, labōrō, molior, perīclitor, nītor, ēnītor, spectō

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of pugnō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pugnō pugnās pugnat pugnāmus pugnātis pugnant
imperfect pugnābam pugnābās pugnābat pugnābāmus pugnābātis pugnābant
future pugnābō pugnābis pugnābit pugnābimus pugnābitis pugnābunt
perfect pugnāvī pugnāvistī,
pugnāstī1
pugnāvit,
pugnāt1
pugnāvimus,
pugnāmus1
pugnāvistis,
pugnāstis1
pugnāvērunt,
pugnāvēre,
pugnārunt1
pluperfect pugnāveram,
pugnāram1
pugnāverās,
pugnārās1
pugnāverat,
pugnārat1
pugnāverāmus,
pugnārāmus1
pugnāverātis,
pugnārātis1
pugnāverant,
pugnārant1
future perfect pugnāverō,
pugnārō1
pugnāveris,
pugnāris1
pugnāverit,
pugnārit1
pugnāverimus,
pugnārimus1
pugnāveritis,
pugnāritis1
pugnāverint,
pugnārint1
passive present pugnor pugnāris,
pugnāre
pugnātur pugnāmur pugnāminī pugnantur
imperfect pugnābar pugnābāris,
pugnābāre
pugnābātur pugnābāmur pugnābāminī pugnābantur
future pugnābor pugnāberis,
pugnābere
pugnābitur pugnābimur pugnābiminī pugnābuntur
perfect pugnātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect pugnātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect pugnātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pugnem pugnēs pugnet pugnēmus pugnētis pugnent
imperfect pugnārem pugnārēs pugnāret pugnārēmus pugnārētis pugnārent
perfect pugnāverim,
pugnārim1
pugnāverīs,
pugnārīs1
pugnāverit,
pugnārit1
pugnāverīmus,
pugnārīmus1
pugnāverītis,
pugnārītis1
pugnāverint,
pugnārint1
pluperfect pugnāvissem,
pugnāssem1
pugnāvissēs,
pugnāssēs1
pugnāvisset,
pugnāsset1
pugnāvissēmus,
pugnāssēmus1
pugnāvissētis,
pugnāssētis1
pugnāvissent,
pugnāssent1
passive present pugner pugnēris,
pugnēre
pugnētur pugnēmur pugnēminī pugnentur
imperfect pugnārer pugnārēris,
pugnārēre
pugnārētur pugnārēmur pugnārēminī pugnārentur
perfect pugnātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect pugnātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pugnā pugnāte
future pugnātō pugnātō pugnātōte pugnantō
passive present pugnāre pugnāminī
future pugnātor pugnātor pugnantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives pugnāre pugnāvisse,
pugnāsse1
pugnātūrum esse pugnārī pugnātum esse pugnātum īrī
participles pugnāns pugnātūrus pugnātus pugnandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
pugnandī pugnandō pugnandum pugnandō pugnātum pugnātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • pugno”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pugno”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pugno in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • pugno in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be mutually contradictory: inter se pugnare or repugnare
    • to contradict oneself, be inconsistent: secum pugnare (without sibi); sibi repugnare (of things)
    • to fight for hearth and home: pro aris et focis pugnare, certare, dimicare
    • to fight on horseback: ex equo pugnare
    • the issue of the battle is undecided: ancipiti Marte pugnatur
    • to fight hand-to-hand, at close quarters: collatis signis (viribus) pugnare
    • to fight in open order: laxatis (opp. confertis) ordinibus pugnare
    • to fight like lions: ferarum ritu pugnare
    • to fight in skirmishing order: rari dispersique pugnare (B. C. 1. 44)
    • (ambiguous) the issue of the day was for a long time uncertain: diu anceps stetit pugna
    • (ambiguous) to come off victorious: superiorem (opp. inferiorem), victorem (proelio, pugna) discedere

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpuɡno/, [ˈpuɣ̞.no]

Verb[edit]

pugno

  1. first-person singular present indicative of pugnar