Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Probably not related to *pewḱ- (pine).[1]



  1. to punch, fist-fight
  2. to prick, poke, stab

Derived terms[edit]

  • *péwǵ-e-ti (thematic root present)
    • Proto-Germanic: *feukaną
  • >? *puǵ-eh₂yéti
    • Proto-Germanic: *fukkōną (to strike, copulate) (see there for further descendants)
  • *pu-né-ǵ-ti ~ *pu-n-ǵ-énti (nasal-infix present)[2]
  • *puǵ-i-h₃onh₂-
  • *puǵ-lis[1]
    • Proto-Italic: *pugls
      • Latin: pugil (boxer, fist-fighter)
  • *puǵ-méh₂
  • *puǵ-nó-s[2]
  • *puǵ-s
    • Proto-Hellenic: *púks
      • Ancient Greek: πύξ (púx, with fists, in a fist-fight)
  • *puǵ-teh₂t-s
  • >? *pu-n-ǵ-sti-s
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic:
    • Proto-Germanic: *funstiz (fist) (< *funkstiz)
      • Proto-West Germanic: *fūsti (see there for further descendants)

See also[edit]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “πυγμή”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1254: “*puḱ, *puǵ- 'sting'”
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “pungō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 499: “*pu-n(e)g/k-”
  3. ^ pugnacious”, in Collins English Dictionary: “*peuĝ-, to punch”.
  4. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006), “*peug- 'prick, poke'”, in The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, page 377