pugil

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See also: púgil

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin pugillus, pugillum (a handful), akin to pugnus (the fist).

Noun[edit]

pugil (plural pugils)

  1. (obsolete) As much as is taken up between the thumb and two first fingers.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)
    • 1778, William Lewis, The new dispensatory
      Cinnamon, an ounce and a half; Rosemary flowers, six pugils []
    • 1699, John Evelyn, Acetaria: A Discourse of Sallets.
      Note, That by Parts is to be understood a Pugil; which is no more than one does usually take up between the Thumb and the two next Fingers.

See also[edit]

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for pugil in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *pewǵ- and related to Latin pugnus (fist).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pugil m (genitive pugilis); third declension

  1. a boxer, pugilist
  2. (figuratively) a hardened forehead

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative pugil pugilēs
genitive pugilis pugilum
dative pugilī pugilibus
accusative pugilem pugilēs
ablative pugile pugilibus
vocative pugil pugilēs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • pugil in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pugil in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “pugil”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • pugil” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • pugil in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers