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See also: púgil



Borrowed from Latin pugillus, pugillum (a fistful), akin to pugnus (the fist).



pugil (plural pugils)

  1. (obsolete) As much as is taken up between the thumb and two first fingers; a pinch.
    • 1631, Francis [Bacon], “I. Century.”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. [], 3rd edition, London: [] William Rawley; [p]rinted by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee [], →OCLC:
      Take violets , and infuse a good pugil of them in a quart of vinegar
    • 1778, William Lewis, The new dispensatory:
      Cinnamon, an ounce and a half; Rosemary flowers, six pugils []
    • 1699, John Evelyn, Acetaria: A Discourse of Sallets:
      Note, That by Parts is to be understood a Pugil; which is no more than one does usually take up between the Thumb and the two next Fingers.
    • 1989, Patrick O'Brian, The Thirteen-Gun Salute:
      This kind of success was all luck, and if a man had only a given amount for his own share, it was a shame to fritter away so much as a pugil.

See also[edit]

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for “pugil”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.)



From pungō (I sting, pierce) +‎ -ilis. Lacks the present tense n-infix like figulus. Final -is was dropped in the nominative singular as in vigil.



pugil m (genitive pugilis); third declension

  1. a boxer, pugilist
  2. (figuratively) a hardened forehead


Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pugil pugilēs
Genitive pugilis pugilum
Dative pugilī pugilibus
Accusative pugilem pugilēs
Ablative pugile
Vocative pugil pugilēs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • Catalan: púgil
  • English: pugilism, pugilist
  • Italian: pugile
  • Portuguese: púgil
  • Spanish: púgil


  • pugil”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pugil”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pugil in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • pugil in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • pugil”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers