pugio

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English[edit]

Reconstructed Roman pugio.

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pugiō.

Noun[edit]

pugio (plural pugios)

  1. a dagger, poignard, especially the kind used by the Ancient Romans.
    • 1786 — Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 34.
      The Pugio or Dagger was used by the Romans, a species of that weapon called the Hand Seax was worn by the Saxons, with which they massacred the English on Salisbury Plain in 476.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *pewǵ-, same source as Ancient Greek πυγμή (pugmḗ, fist).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pūgiō m (genitive pūgiōnis); third declension

  1. a dagger
    • c. 100 CE – 110 CE, Tacitus, Histories 4.29
      multos in moenia egressos pugionibus fodere.
      Many, who had struggled on to the walls, with their short swords they stabbed.

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative pūgiō pūgiōnēs
genitive pūgiōnis pūgiōnum
dative pūgiōnī pūgiōnibus
accusative pūgiōnem pūgiōnēs
ablative pūgiōne pūgiōnibus
vocative pūgiō pūgiōnēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • pugio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pugio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pugio in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • pugio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • pugio in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pugio in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin