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Alternative forms[edit]


Likely from the o-grade Proto-Italic *praiɣodā, from (with the prefix *prai-) Proto-Indo-European *gʰed-, whence also the second element in prehendō and probably also hedera.[1]



praeda f (genitive praedae); first declension

  1. plunder, booty, pillage, spoils of war, property taken in war
    Synonyms: spolium, manubia, rapīna
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 1.527–528:
      “Nōn nōs aut ferrō Libycōs populāre Penātīs
      vēnimus, aut raptās ad lītora vertere praedās.”
      “We come neither to pillage by sword the household gods of Libya, nor to drive captured plunder to the shores.”
      (The plunder “driven” or “turned” implies taking herds of animals; it might also mean taking humans into slavery.)
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 1.685–686:
      Vōs quoque, formīcae, subiectīs parcite grānīs:
      post messem praedae cōpia maior erit.
      And you too, ants, act sparingly once the seed has been sown:
      after harvest there will be a greater abundance of plunder.
  2. prey, game taken in the hunt
  3. gain, profit


First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative praeda praedae
Genitive praedae praedārum
Dative praedae praedīs
Accusative praedam praedās
Ablative praedā praedīs
Vocative praeda praedae

Derived terms[edit]



  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 487

Further reading[edit]

  • praeda”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • praeda”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • praeda in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • praeda in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to carry off booty: ferre atque agere praedam
  • praeda”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • praeda”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin