obeo

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ob- ‎(towards) +‎ ‎(go).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

obeō ‎(present infinitive obīre, perfect active obiī, supine obitum); irregular conjugation

  1. I go towards, go to meet.
  2. I arrive at, reach, come to.
  3. (astronomy) I set.
  4. (figuratively) I fall, perish, pass away, die (mortem or diem obeo)
  5. (figuratively) I survey, look over.

Inflection[edit]

Irregular conjugation, but similar to fourth conjugation. The third principal part is most often contracted to obiī, but occasionally appears as obīvī.

   Conjugation of obeo (irregular)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present obeō obīs obit obīmus obītis obeunt
imperfect obībam obībās obībat obībāmus obībātis obībant
future obībō obībis obībit obībimus obībitis obībunt
perfect obiī, obīvī obīstī, obīvistī obiit, obīvit obiimus obīstis obiērunt, obiēre
pluperfect obieram obierās obierat obierāmus obierātis obierant
future perfect obierō obieris obierit obierimus obieritis obierint
passive present obeor obīris, obīre obītur obīmur obīminī obeuntur
imperfect obībar obībāris, obībāre obībātur obībāmur obībāminī obībantur
future obībor obīberis, obībere obībitur obībimur obībiminī obībuntur
perfect obitus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect obitus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect obitus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present obeam obeās obeat obeāmus obeātis obeant
imperfect obīrem obīrēs obīret obīrēmus obīrētis obīrent
perfect obierim obierīs obierit obierīmus obierītis obierint
pluperfect obīssem obīssēs obīsset obīssēmus obīssētis obīssent
passive present obear obeāris, obeāre obeātur obeāmur obeāminī obeantur
imperfect obīrer obīrēris, obīrēre obīrētur obīrēmur obīrēminī obīrentur
perfect obitus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect obitus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present obī obīte
future obītō obītō obītōte obeuntō
passive present obīre obīminī
future obītor obītor obeuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives obīre obīsse obitūrus esse obīrī obitus esse obitum īrī
participles obiēns obitūrus obitus obeundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
obīre obeundī obeundō obeundum obitum obitū

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • obeo in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • obeo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • obeo in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to depart this life: mortem (diem supremum) obire
    • to execute, manage a business, undertaking: negotium obire, exsequi
    • to be engaged upon a transaction, carry it out: negotium obire or exsequi
    • to visit, traverse a province: provinciam obire