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  1. first-person singular present indicative of offendere




From ob- ‎(against) +‎ *fendō ‎(hit, thrust), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰen- ‎(to strike, to kill). Compare dēfendō.



offendō ‎(present infinitive offendere, perfect active offendī, supine offensum); third conjugation

  1. I hit, thrust, strike.
  2. I meet, encounter (someone).
  3. (figuratively) I suffer damage, receive an injury.
  4. I fail, am unfortunate.
  5. I find fault, take offence.
  6. I stumble, blunder, commit offence.
  7. I shock, vex, offend, mortify.


   Conjugation of offendo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present offendō offendis offendit offendimus offenditis offendunt
imperfect offendēbam offendēbās offendēbat offendēbāmus offendēbātis offendēbant
future offendam offendēs offendet offendēmus offendētis offendent
perfect offendī offendistī offendit offendimus offendistis offendērunt, offendēre
pluperfect offenderam offenderās offenderat offenderāmus offenderātis offenderant
future perfect offenderō offenderis offenderit offenderimus offenderitis offenderint
passive present offendor offenderis, offendere offenditur offendimur offendiminī offenduntur
imperfect offendēbar offendēbāris, offendēbāre offendēbātur offendēbāmur offendēbāminī offendēbantur
future offendar offendēris, offendēre offendētur offendēmur offendēminī offendentur
perfect offensus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect offensus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect offensus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present offendam offendās offendat offendāmus offendātis offendant
imperfect offenderem offenderēs offenderet offenderēmus offenderētis offenderent
perfect offenderim offenderīs offenderit offenderīmus offenderītis offenderint
pluperfect offendissem offendissēs offendisset offendissēmus offendissētis offendissent
passive present offendar offendāris, offendāre offendātur offendāmur offendāminī offendantur
imperfect offenderer offenderēris, offenderēre offenderētur offenderēmur offenderēminī offenderentur
perfect offensus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect offensus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present offende offendite
future offenditō offenditō offenditōte offenduntō
passive present offendere offendiminī
future offenditor offenditor offenduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives offendere offendisse offensūrus esse offendī offensus esse offensum īrī
participles offendēns offensūrus offensus offendendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
offendere offendendī offendendō offendendum offensum offensū

Derived terms[edit]



offendō f ‎(genitive offendīnis); third declension

  1. an offence.


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative offendo offendīnēs
genitive offendīnis offendīnum
dative offendīnī offendīnibus
accusative offendīnem offendīnēs
ablative offendīne offendīnibus
vocative offendo offendīnēs



  • offendo in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • offendo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • offendo in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to meet, come across a person; to meet casually: offendere, nancisci aliquem
    • to hurt some one's feelings: offendere aliquem, alicuius animum
    • to hurt some one's feelings: offendere apud aliquem (Cluent. 23. 63)
    • to feel hurt by something: offendi aliqua re (animus offenditur)
    • to have something to say against a person, to object to him: offendere in aliquo (Mil. 36. 99)
    • to take a false step in a thing; to commit an indiscretion: offendere in aliqua re (Cluent. 36. 98)