Reconstruction:Latin/fendo

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This Latin entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unattested verb only found in composition (see derived terms), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰen- (to strike, kill). Cognate with Ancient Greek θείνω (theínō, to strike), Albanian gjuaj, Sanskrit हन्ति (hánti).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

*fendō (present infinitive *fendere, perfect active *fendī, supine *fēnsum); third conjugation

  1. I hit
  2. I thrust

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of fendo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present *fendō *fendis *fendit *fendimus *fenditis *fendunt
imperfect *fendēbam *fendēbās *fendēbat *fendēbāmus *fendēbātis *fendēbant
future *fendam *fendēs *fendet *fendēmus *fendētis *fendent
perfect *fendī *fendistī *fendit *fendimus *fendistis *fendērunt, *fendēre
pluperfect *fenderam *fenderās *fenderat *fenderāmus *fenderātis *fenderant
future perfect *fenderō *fenderis *fenderit *fenderimus *fenderitis *fenderint
passive present *fendor *fenderis, *fendere *fenditur *fendimur *fendiminī *fenduntur
imperfect *fendēbar *fendēbāris, *fendēbāre *fendēbātur *fendēbāmur *fendēbāminī *fendēbantur
future *fendar *fendēris, *fendēre *fendētur *fendēmur *fendēminī *fendentur
perfect *fensus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect *fensus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect *fensus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present *fendam *fendās *fendat *fendāmus *fendātis *fendant
imperfect *fenderem *fenderēs *fenderet *fenderēmus *fenderētis *fenderent
perfect *fenderim *fenderīs *fenderit *fenderīmus *fenderītis *fenderint
pluperfect *fendissem *fendissēs *fendisset *fendissēmus *fendissētis *fendissent
passive present *fendar *fendāris, *fendāre *fendātur *fendāmur *fendāminī *fendantur
imperfect *fenderer *fenderēris, *fenderēre *fenderētur *fenderēmur *fenderēminī *fenderentur
perfect *fensus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect *fensus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present *fende *fendite
future *fenditō *fenditō *fenditōte *fenduntō
passive present *fendere *fendiminī
future *fenditor *fenditor *fenduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives *fendere *fendisse *fensūrus esse *fendī *fensus esse *fensum īrī
participles *fendēns *fensūrus *fensus *fendendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
*fendere *fendendī *fendendō *fendendum *fensum *fensū

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]