pereo

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Esperanto[edit]

Noun[edit]

pereo ‎(accusative singular pereon, plural pereoj, accusative plural pereojn)

  1. demise, perdition
  2. accident
  3. shipwreck

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From per-(through) +‎ (go).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

pereō ‎(present infinitive perīre, perfect active periī, supine peritum); irregular conjugation

  1. I vanish, disappear, come to nothing.
  2. I leak; I am absorbed.
  3. I perish, pass away, die.
  4. I pine away with love.

Inflection[edit]

Irregular, like (go), which it compounds. The perfect is usually contracted to periī, but occasionally appears as perīvī.

   Conjugation of pereo (irregular, impersonal in passive)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pereō perīs perit perīmus perītis pereunt
imperfect perībam perībās perībat perībāmus perībātis perībant
future perībō perībis perībit perībimus perībitis perībunt
perfect periī, perīvī perīstī, perīvistī periit, perīvit periimus perīstis periērunt, periēre
pluperfect perieram perierās perierat perierāmus perierātis perierant
future perfect perierō perieris perierit perierimus perieritis perierint
passive present perītur
imperfect perībātur
future perībitur
perfect peritus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect peritus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect peritus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present peream pereās pereat pereāmus pereātis pereant
imperfect perīrem perīrēs perīret perīrēmus perīrētis perīrent
perfect perierim perierīs perierit perierīmus perierītis perierint
pluperfect perīssem perīssēs perīsset perīssēmus perīssētis perīssent
passive present pereātur
imperfect perīrētur
perfect peritus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect peritus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present perī perīte
future perītō perītō perītōte pereuntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives perīre perīsse peritūrus esse perīrī peritus esse
participles periēns peritūrus peritus pereundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
perīre pereundī pereundō pereundum peritum peritū

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • pereo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pereo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.pereo”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to die of starvation: fame confici, perire, interire
    • to die a natural death: morbo perire, absūmi, consūmi
    • I'm undone! it's all up with me: perii! actum est de me! (Ter. Ad. 3. 2. 26)
    • the book has been lost: liber intercidit, periit
    • they perished to a man: ad unum omnes perierunt