pereo

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Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

pereo (accusative singular pereon, plural pereoj, accusative plural pereojn)

  1. demise, perdition
  2. accident
  3. shipwreck

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From per- (through) +‎ (go).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

pereō (present infinitive perīre, perfect active periī or perīvī, supine peritum); irregular conjugation, irregular, impersonal in the passive

  1. I perish, pass away, die, be ruined
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 5.267-268:
      ‘flōrē semel laesō pereunt viciaecque fabaeque,
      et pereunt lentēs, advena Nīle, tuae.’
      “Once the blossom has been damaged, the vetches and the beans perish, and your lentils perish, oh foreign [River] Nile.”
      (The poetic voice is that of Flora (mythology).)
    Synonyms: morior, dēcēdō, exspīrō, dēficiō, occidō, dēfungor, occumbō, excēdō, discēdō, intereō, cadō, obeō
  2. I vanish, disappear, come to nothing.
    Synonyms: cedō, discedō, decēdō, concēdō, excēdō, intereō
    Antonyms: crescō, exorior, orior, coorior, oborior, appāreō, pāreō, ēmergō, procedō
  3. I leak; I am absorbed.
  4. I pine away with love.

Conjugation[edit]

Irregular, like (go), which it compounds. The perfect is usually contracted to periī, but occasionally appears as perīvī.

   Conjugation of pereō (irregular, impersonal in passive)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pereō perīs perit perīmus perītis pereunt
imperfect perībam perībās perībat perībāmus perībātis perībant
future perībō perībis perībit perībimus perībitis perībunt
perfect periī,
perīvī
perīstī,
perīvistī
periit,
perīvit
periimus perīstis periērunt,
periēre
pluperfect perieram perierās perierat perierāmus perierātis perierant
future perfect perierō perieris perierit perierimus perieritis perierint
passive present perītur
imperfect perībātur
future perībitur
perfect peritum est
pluperfect peritum erat
future perfect peritum erit
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present peream pereās pereat pereāmus pereātis pereant
imperfect perīrem perīrēs perīret perīrēmus perīrētis perīrent
perfect perierim perierīs perierit perierīmus perierītis perierint
pluperfect perīssem perīssēs perīsset perīssēmus perīssētis perīssent
passive present pereātur
imperfect perīrētur
perfect peritum sit
pluperfect peritum esset,
peritum foret
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present perī perīte
future perītō perītō perītōte pereuntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives perīre perīsse peritūrum esse perīrī peritum esse
participles periēns peritūrus peritum pereundum
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
pereundī pereundō pereundum pereundō peritum peritū

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • pereo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pereo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pereo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to die of starvation: fame confici, perire, interire
    • to die a natural death: morbo perire, absūmi, consūmi
    • I'm undone! it's all up with me: perii! actum est de me! (Ter. Ad. 3. 2. 26)
    • the book has been lost: liber intercidit, periit
    • they perished to a man: ad unum omnes perierunt