dispereo

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From dis- (utterly, exceedingly) +‎ pereō (perish).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dispereō (present infinitive disperīre, perfect active disperiī or disperīvī); irregular conjugation, irregular, no passive, no supine stem

  1. (intransitive) I am destroyed, perish; go completely to ruin, am lost or undone.

Conjugation[edit]

Irregular conjugation, but similar to fourth conjugation. The perfect is usually contracted to disperiī, but occasionally appears as disperīvī.

   Conjugation of dispereō (irregular, no supine stem, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dispereō disperīs disperit disperīmus disperītis dispereunt
imperfect disperībam disperībās disperībat disperībāmus disperībātis disperībant
future disperībō disperībis disperībit disperībimus disperībitis disperībunt
perfect disperiī, disperīvī disperīstī, disperīvistī disperiit, disperīvit disperiimus disperīstis disperiērunt, disperiēre
pluperfect disperieram disperierās disperierat disperierāmus disperierātis disperierant
future perfect disperierō disperieris disperierit disperierimus disperieritis disperierint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dispeream dispereās dispereat dispereāmus dispereātis dispereant
imperfect disperīrem disperīrēs disperīret disperīrēmus disperīrētis disperīrent
perfect disperierim disperierīs disperierit disperierīmus disperierītis disperierint
pluperfect disperīssem disperīssēs disperīsset disperīssēmus disperīssētis disperīssent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present disperī disperīte
future disperītō disperītō disperītōte dispereuntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives disperīre disperīsse
participles disperiēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
dispereundī dispereundō dispereundum dispereundō

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: disperish
  • French: despérir
  • Italian: disperire
  • Spanish: desperecer

References[edit]

  • dispereo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • dispereo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • dispereo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette