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  1. first-person singular present indicative form of cerndre




  1. first-person singular present indicative of cernere




From Proto-Italic *krinō, from Proto-Indo-European *krey- (to sieve).

Cognate with Ancient Greek κρίνω (krínō).



cernō (present infinitive cernere, perfect active crēvī, supine crētum); third conjugation

  1. I separate, sift
  2. I distinguish, discern, see
  3. I perceive
  4. I decide


   Conjugation of cernō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cernō cernis cernit cernimus cernitis cernunt
imperfect cernēbam cernēbās cernēbat cernēbāmus cernēbātis cernēbant
future cernam cernēs cernet cernēmus cernētis cernent
perfect crēvī crēvistī, crēstī1 crēvit crēvimus crēvistis, crēstis1 crēvērunt, crēvēre
pluperfect crēveram crēverās crēverat crēverāmus crēverātis crēverant
future perfect crēverō crēveris crēverit crēverimus crēveritis crēverint
passive present cernor cerneris, cernere cernitur cernimur cerniminī cernuntur
imperfect cernēbar cernēbāris, cernēbāre cernēbātur cernēbāmur cernēbāminī cernēbantur
future cernar cernēris, cernēre cernētur cernēmur cernēminī cernentur
perfect crētus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect crētus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect crētus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cernam cernās cernat cernāmus cernātis cernant
imperfect cernerem cernerēs cerneret cernerēmus cernerētis cernerent
perfect crēverim crēverīs crēverit crēverīmus crēverītis crēverint
pluperfect crēvissem, crēssem1 crēvissēs, crēssēs1 crēvisset, crēsset1 crēvissēmus, crēssēmus1 crēvissētis, crēssētis1 crēvissent, crēssent1
passive present cernar cernāris, cernāre cernātur cernāmur cernāminī cernantur
imperfect cernerer cernerēris, cernerēre cernerētur cernerēmur cernerēminī cernerentur
perfect crētus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect crētus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cerne cernite
future cernitō cernitō cernitōte cernuntō
passive present cernere cerniminī
future cernitor cernitor cernuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives cernere crēvisse, crēsse1 crētūrum esse cernī crētum esse crētum īrī
participles cernēns crētūrus crētus cernendus, cernundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
cernendī cernendō cernendum cernendō crētum crētū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • cerno in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cerno in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cerno in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to see clearly, distinctly: cernere et videre aliquid
    • the world of sense, the visible world: res quas oculis cernimus
    • it is evident from..: cernitur (in) aliqua re (not ex aliqua re)
    • to take possession of an inheritance: hereditatem adire, cernere