cerne

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See also: cerné and černé

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French [Term?], inherited from Latin circinus (pair of compasses); compare Romanian cearcăn.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sɛʁn/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

cerne m (plural cernes)

  1. dark bluish coloration around the eyes, periorbital dark circle
  2. dark circle around a lesion
  3. tree ring

Usage notes[edit]

This noun is often incorrectly considered as feminine.

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

cerne

  1. first-person singular present indicative of cerner
  2. third-person singular present indicative of cerner
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of cerner
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of cerner
  5. second-person singular imperative of cerner

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from Suevic, from Proto-Germanic *kernô (kernel). Confer Icelandic, Faroese, Old Norse kjarni (kernel, core)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈθɛɾne̝/, (western) /ˈsɛɾne̝/

Noun[edit]

cerne m (plural cernes)

  1. kernel, core
  2. sap
  3. heartwood, duramen
    • 1459, X. Ferro Couselo (ed.), A vida e a fala dos devanceiros. Escolma de documentos en galego dos séculos XIII ao XVI. Vigo: Galaxia, page 441:
      Fernán Gonçalues de Lamella se obrigou de dar en nome do conçello de çidade d'Ourense çento táboas et quarenta madeyros en esta maneyra que se sige: las táboas que aja cada hua des pees do dito Fernán Garçía et de la anchura, segundo está aquí asinallada de maao a maao, et an de auer de gordo dous dedos et que sejan dereytas e chaas e boas e merchinas sen furados, et os quarenta madeyros an de seer en esta maneyra que se sige: de ancho como está asinallado de maao en maao et de alto a terçeera maao, et an de auer de longo dose pees ou mays, et destes madeyros ha de auer quatro que an de auer des et oyto pees en longo ou mays, se mays poderen auer, et estes madeyros an de seer de çerno de carballo et as táboas de castaño
      Fernán Gonzalvez de Lamela committed himself to give, in the name of the city council of Ourense, a hundred boards and forty planks, in this way: each one of the boards must be ten feet, of this Fernán García, in long; and in width as it is here consigned from hand to hand; and they should be two inches in thickness; and they should be straight and level and good without holes. And the forty planks must be made in this way: in width as it is consigned, from hand to hand, in high to the third hand; and they must have twelve feet or more in long; and of these planks four must be eighteen feet or more in long, as long as they can be made; and these planks must be made in oak heartwood, and the boards in chestnut.

Adjective[edit]

cerne m or f (plural cernes)

  1. steady, firmly, upright
  2. hard
  3. inner

References[edit]

  • çerna” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • çerno” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • cerne” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • cerne” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • cerne” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Italian[edit]

Verb[edit]

cerne

  1. third-person singular present indicative of cernere

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

cerne

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of cernō

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

cerne m (plural cernes)

  1. heartwood (wood nearer the heart of a stem)
  2. kernel (core or essence of an object or system)

Synonyms[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cernere, present active infinitive of cernō, from Proto-Italic *krinō, from Proto-Indo-European *krey-.

Verb[edit]

a cerne (third-person singular present cerne, past participle cernut3rd conj.

  1. to sift
  2. to discern
  3. to screen, sort

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]