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PIE root

From Proto-Indo-European *sent- ‎(to feel). Cognate with Lithuanian sintėti ‎(to think), Old High German sinnan ‎(to go; desire).



sentiō ‎(present infinitive sentīre, perfect active sēnsī, supine sēnsum); fourth conjugation

  1. I feel; I perceive with the senses
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 1.553
      Hanc quoque Phoebus amat positaque in stipite dextra
      sentit adhuc trepidare novo sub cortice pectus
      But yet Phoebus loves her in this form and pressing his right hand
      he feels still the trembling heart under the bark.
  2. I perceive: I notice mentally
  3. I have an opinion; I feel an emotion
    • c. 100 CE – 110 CE, Tacitus, Histories 1.1
      ...ubi sentire quae velis et quae sentias dicere licet.
      ...where to feel what you wish, and what you feel to say, is permitted.


   Conjugation of sentio (fourth conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sentiō sentīs sentit sentīmus sentītis sentiunt
imperfect sentiēbam sentiēbās sentiēbat sentiēbāmus sentiēbātis sentiēbant
future sentiam sentiēs sentiet sentiēmus sentiētis sentient
perfect sēnsī sēnsistī sēnsit sēnsimus sēnsistis sēnsērunt, sēnsēre
pluperfect sēnseram sēnserās sēnserat sēnserāmus sēnserātis sēnserant
future perfect sēnserō sēnseris sēnserit sēnserimus sēnseritis sēnserint
passive present sentior sentīris, sentīre sentītur sentīmur sentīminī sentiuntur
imperfect sentiēbar sentiēbāris, sentiēbāre sentiēbātur sentiēbāmur sentiēbāminī sentiēbantur
future sentiar sentiēris, sentiēre sentiētur sentiēmur sentiēminī sentientur
perfect sēnsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect sēnsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect sēnsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sentiam sentiās sentiat sentiāmus sentiātis sentiant
imperfect sentīrem sentīrēs sentīret sentīrēmus sentīrētis sentīrent
perfect sēnserim sēnserīs sēnserit sēnserīmus sēnserītis sēnserint
pluperfect sēnsissem sēnsissēs sēnsisset sēnsissēmus sēnsissētis sēnsissent
passive present sentiar sentiāris, sentiāre sentiātur sentiāmur sentiāminī sentiantur
imperfect sentīrer sentīrēris, sentīrēre sentīrētur sentīrēmur sentīrēminī sentīrentur
perfect sēnsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect sēnsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sentī sentīte
future sentītō sentītō sentītōte sentiuntō
passive present sentīre sentīminī
future sentītor sentītor sentiuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives sentīre sēnsisse sēnsūrus esse sentīrī sēnsus esse sēnsum īrī
participles sentiēns sēnsūrus sēnsus sentiendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
sentīre sentiendī sentiendō sentiendum sēnsum sēnsū


  • (feel, perceive with the senses): percipiō

Related terms[edit]