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See also: Sapio



From Proto-Italic *sapiō, from Proto-Indo-European *sh₁p-i- (to notice), from Proto-Indo-European *seh₁p-. Cognate with Old English sefa (mind, spirit, mood).



sapiō (present infinitive sapere, perfect active sapīvī or sapiī or sapuī); third conjugation iō-variant, no passive, no supine stem

  1. (intransitive) I have taste, have flavour.
  2. (transitive) I taste of, taste like, smack of, have a flavour of.
  3. (figuratively) (intransitive) I have good taste; I have sense, discernment; I am sensible, discreet, prudent, wise.
  4. (figuratively) (transitive) I know, understand (mostly with general objects).
  5. (Medieval Latin) I know.
  6. (Medieval Latin) I am able.


   Conjugation of sapiō (third conjugation -variant, no supine stem, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sapiō sapis sapit sapimus sapitis sapiunt
imperfect sapiēbam sapiēbās sapiēbat sapiēbāmus sapiēbātis sapiēbant
future sapiam sapiēs sapiet sapiēmus sapiētis sapient
perfect sapīvī, sapiī, sapuī sapīvistī, sapiistī, sapuistī sapīvit, sapiit, sapuit sapīvimus, sapiimus, sapuimus sapīvistis, sapiistis, sapuistis sapīvērunt, sapīvēre, sapiērunt, sapiēre, sapuērunt, sapuēre
pluperfect sapīveram, sapieram, sapueram sapīverās, sapierās, sapuerās sapīverat, sapierat, sapuerat sapīverāmus, sapierāmus, sapuerāmus sapīverātis, sapierātis, sapuerātis sapīverant, sapierant, sapuerant
future perfect sapīverō, sapierō, sapuerō sapīveris, sapieris, sapueris sapīverit, sapierit, sapuerit sapīverimus, sapierimus, sapuerimus sapīveritis, sapieritis, sapueritis sapīverint, sapierint, sapuerint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sapiam sapiās sapiat sapiāmus sapiātis sapiant
imperfect saperem saperēs saperet saperēmus saperētis saperent
perfect sapīverim, sapierim, sapuerim sapīverīs, sapierīs, sapuerīs sapīverit, sapierit, sapuerit sapīverīmus, sapierīmus, sapuerīmus sapīverītis, sapierītis, sapuerītis sapīverint, sapierint, sapuerint
pluperfect sapīvissem, sapiissem, sapuissem sapīvissēs, sapiissēs, sapuissēs sapīvisset, sapiisset, sapuisset sapīvissēmus, sapiissēmus, sapuissēmus sapīvissētis, sapiissētis, sapuissētis sapīvissent, sapiissent, sapuissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sape sapite
future sapitō sapitō sapitōte sapiuntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives sapere sapīvisse, sapiisse, sapuisse
participles sapiēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
sapiendī sapiendō sapiendum sapiendō

Derived terms[edit]



  • sapio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sapio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sapio in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • sapio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be a man of sense, judgment: sapere (Off. 2. 14. 48)