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From Proto-Italic *sapiō, from Proto-Indo-European *sh₁p-i- (to notice), from Proto-Indo-European *seh₁p- (to try, to research). Cognate with Ancient Greek σοφός (sophós), Old English sefa (mind, spirit, mood).



sapiō (present infinitive sapere, perfect active sapīvī); third conjugation iō-variant, no passive

  1. I taste of, smack of, have a flavour of.
  2. I have good taste or discernment.
  3. (figuratively) I am wise or sensible, discern.


   Conjugation of sapio (third conjugation -variant, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sapiō sapis sapit sapimus sapitis sapiunt
imperfect sapiēbam sapiēbās sapiēbat sapiēbāmus sapiēbātis sapiēbant
future sapiam sapiēs sapiet sapiēmus sapiētis sapient
perfect sapīvī sapīvistī sapīvit sapīvimus sapīvistis sapīvērunt, sapīvēre
pluperfect sapīveram sapīverās sapīverat sapīverāmus sapīverātis sapīverant
future perfect sapīverō sapīveris sapīverit sapīverimus sapīveritis sapīverint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sapiam sapiās sapiat sapiāmus sapiātis sapiant
imperfect saperem saperēs saperet saperēmus saperētis saperent
perfect sapīverim sapīverīs sapīverit sapīverīmus sapīverītis sapīverint
pluperfect sapīvissem sapīvissēs sapīvisset sapīvissēmus sapīvissētis sapīvissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sape sapite
future sapitō sapitō sapitōte sapiuntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives sapere sapīvisse
participles sapiēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
sapere sapiendī sapiendō sapiendum

Derived terms[edit]



  • sapio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sapio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sapio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be a man of sense, judgment: sapere (Off. 2. 14. 48)