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U+9B54, 魔
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9B54

[U+9B53]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9B55]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 194, +11, 21 strokes, cangjie input 戈金竹山戈 (ICHUI) or 戈木竹山戈 (IDHUI) or 戈木竹戈 (IDHI), four-corner 00213, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1462, character 67
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45906
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1997, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4436, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+9B54

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *maːl): phonetic (OC *mraːl) + semantic (demon).

Etymology[edit]

Clipping of 魔羅 (MC muɑ lɑ), from Sanskrit मार (māra, killing; death; destroyer; demon).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/muɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/muɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/muɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mwa/
Li
Rong
/muɑ/
Wang
Li
/muɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/muɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
mo4
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8705
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*maːl/
Notes māra

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Buddhism) mara (demon)
  2. devil; demon; evil spirit
  3. fiend; harmful or evil thing or person
  4. magic; the unnatural
  5. crazy; delusional, manic
  6. to be obsessed with; idolatry.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (devil):
edit

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Ryakuji for 魔, a phono-semantic simplification as 广 (radical) + マ (phonetic “ma” for on reading), also used for ; compare and .
  1. demon, evil spirit
  2. sorcery, witchcraft

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: (ma, Jōyō)
  • Kan-on: (ba)

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
goon

From Middle Chinese (MC muɑ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

() (ma

  1. demon, devil, evil spirit, evil influence

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC muɑ). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: ma) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 마귀 (magwi ma))

  1. Hanja form? of (demon).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: ma

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.