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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(demon) – a kind of demon, or their magical powers.

Han character[edit]

(radical 194 +11, 21 strokes, cangjie input 戈金竹山戈 (ICHUI), 戈木竹山戈 (IDHUI), 戈木竹戈 (IDHI), four-corner 00213, composition)

  1. a kind of demon, devil, evil spirit, evil influence, evil power or ability
  2. magic power
  3. familiar spirit, as in a witch's familiar

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1462, character 67
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45906
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1997, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4436, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+9B54

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (魔), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 戈
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 莫婆切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/muɑ/ /muɑ/ /muɑ/ /muɑ/ /mwa/ /muɑ/ /muɑ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8705 1 /*maːl/ 梵譯māra,梁武帝改磨爲魔

Definitions[edit]

  1. devil; magic

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Ryakuji for 魔, a phono-semantic simplification as 广 (radical/semantic) + マ (phonetic “ma” for on reading), also used for ; compare and .

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. demon, evil spirit
  2. witch

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ma) (hangeul , revised ma, McCune-Reischauer ma, Yale ma)

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Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ma)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.