邪魔

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Chinese[edit]

demonical; iniquitous; nefarious devil
trad. (邪魔)
simp. #(邪魔)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

邪魔

  1. evil spirit; demon; devil

Synonyms[edit]

edit

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (邪魔):
  • Japanese: (じゃ)() (jama)
  • Korean: 사마 (邪魔, sama)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
じゃ
Grade: S

Grade: S
on’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally a Buddhist term, imported into Japanese when Buddhism was introduced to Japan, some time during the Kofun, Asuka, and Nara periods.

From Middle Chinese 邪魔 (*zia *mɑ?, literally wrong, evil, perverse” + “devil, demon). Compare modern Mandarin 邪魔 (xiémó).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(じゃ)() (jama

  1. (Buddhism) a demon or devil of perversity, a hindrance to the practice of Buddhism
  2. more generally, an obstacle, a hindrance, interference
    (はこ)をここに(ほう)るのは邪魔(じゃま)だよ。
    Hako o koko ni hōru no wa jama da yo.
    Those boxes you threw down here are in the way.
  3. a nuisance, a bother
    電話(でんわ)邪魔(じゃま)をしないでください。
    Denwa no jama o shinaide kudasai.
    Please don't be a nuisance when I'm on the phone. → Please don't interrupt my phone calls.
  4. (figuratively, idiomatic, humble) a visit
    Usually prefixed with the honorific (o-). Said of oneself visiting someone else, never said of others.
    来週(らいしゅう)邪魔(じゃま)にあがってもよろしいでしょうか。
    Raishū ojama ni agatte mo yoroshii deshō ka.
    Would it be all right to visit you next week?

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

(じゃ)()する (jama surusuru (stem (じゃ)() (jama shi), past (じゃ)()した (jama shita))

  1. to impede, to obstruct
    そのパイプが通過(つうか)邪魔(じゃま)しています。
    Sono paipu ga tsūka o jama shite imasu.
    That pipe is impeding passage.
  2. to be a bother, obstacle, nuisance, hindrance
    宿題(しゅくだい)しているから邪魔(じゃま)しないでくれ。
    Shukudai shite iru kara jama shinaide kure.
    I'm doing my homework, so don't bother me.

Conjugation[edit]

Idioms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Vietnamese[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

邪魔

  1. Hán tự form of tà ma (bad ghost).