邪魔

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Chinese[edit]

demonical; iniquitous; nefarious devil
simp. and trad.
(邪魔)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

邪魔

  1. evil spirit; demon; devil

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
じゃ
Grade: S

Grade: S
on’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally a Buddhist term, imported into Japanese when Buddhism was introduced to Japan, some time during the Kofun, Asuka, and Nara periods.

From Middle Chinese 邪魔 (*zia *mɑ?, literally wrong, evil, perverse” + “devil, demon). Compare modern Mandarin 邪魔 (xiémó).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

邪魔 (hiragana じゃま, rōmaji jama)

  1. (Buddhism) a demon or devil of perversity, a hindrance to the practice of Buddhism
  2. more generally, an obstacle, a hindrance, interference
     (はこ)をここに (ほう)るのは (じゃ) ()だよ。
    Hako o koko ni hōru no wa jama da yo.
    Those boxes you threw down here are in the way.
  3. a nuisance, a bother
     (でん) () (じゃ) ()をしないでください。
    Denwa no jama o shinaide kudasai.
    Please don't be a nuisance when I'm on the phone. → Please don't interrupt my phone calls.
  4. (figuratively, idiomatic, humble) a visit
    Usually prefixed with the honorific (o-). Said of oneself visiting someone else, never said of others.
    来週 (らいしゅう) (じゃ) ()にあがってもよろしいでしょうか。
    Raishū ojama ni agatte mo yoroshii deshō ka.
    Would it be all right to visit you next week?

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

邪魔する (hiragana じゃま, rōmaji jama)

  1. to impede, to obstruct
    そのパイプが (つう) () (じゃ) ()しています。
    Sono paipu ga tsūka o jama shite imasu.
    That pipe is impeding passage.
  2. to be a bother, obstacle, nuisance, hindrance
    宿題 (しゅくだい)しているから (じゃ) ()しないでくれ。
    Shukudai shite iru kara jama shinaide kure.
    I'm doing my homework, so don't bother me.

Conjugation[edit]

Idioms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9