閻魔

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
trad. (閻魔)
simp. (阎魔)

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit यम (yama, Yama).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (36) (4)
Final () (153) (95)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiᴇm/ /muɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiɛm/ /muɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/jæm/ /muɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jiam/ /mwa/
Li
Rong
/iɛm/ /muɑ/
Wang
Li
/jĭɛm/ /muɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ɛm/ /muɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yán

Proper noun[edit]

閻魔

  1. () (Hinduism, Buddhism, Chinese mythology) Synonym of 閻羅阎罗 (Yánluó, “Yama (god of the underworld)”).

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
えん
Hyōgaiji

Grade: S
on’yomi

Proper noun[edit]

閻魔 (hiragana えんま, katakana エンマ, rōmaji Enma)

  1. (Shinto): Enma, the Japanese name for Yama, the Buddhist and Chinese god who presides over naraku (hell).

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]