मार

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From मारना (mārnā, to kill).

Noun[edit]

मार (mārf

  1. killing.
  2. a beating, fight.
    Synonyms: मारपीट (mārpīṭ), लड़ाई (laṛāī)
  3. target; shot, strike, goal.
    Synonym: निशाना (niśānā)
  4. loss, grief.
    Synonym: दुःख (duḥkh)

Declension[edit]

Declension of मार
Singular Plural
Direct मार (mār) मारें (mārẽ)
Oblique मार (mār) मारों (mārõ)
Vocative मार (mār) मारो (māro)

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

मार m

  1. killer
  2. one who frustrates other's benefaction

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *mā́ras, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *mā́ras, from Proto-Indo-European *mór-os, from *mer- (to die). Cognate with Lithuanian mãras.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

मार (mā́ra)

  1. (√मृ) killing, destroying.

Noun[edit]

मार (mā́ram

  1. death, pestilence.
  2. slaying, killing (compare पशु-म्°).
  3. an obstacle, hindrance.
  4. the passion of love, god of love.
  5. (Buddhism) the Destroyer, Evil One (who tempts men to indulge their passions and is the great enemy of the बुद्ध and his religion; four मारs are enumerated in Dharmas. 80, viz. स्कन्ध-, क्लेश-, देवपुत्र-, and मृत्यु-म्°; but the later Buddhist theory of races of gods led to the figment of millions of मारs ruled over by a chief मार).
  6. the thorn-apple L.
  7. pestilence (also personified as the goddess of death and identified with दुर्गा).

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of मार (mā́ra)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative मारः
mā́raḥ
मारौ
mā́rau
माराः / मारासः¹
mā́rāḥ / mā́rāsaḥ¹
Vocative मार
mā́ra
मारौ
mā́rau
माराः / मारासः¹
mā́rāḥ / mā́rāsaḥ¹
Accusative मारम्
mā́ram
मारौ
mā́rau
मारान्
mā́rān
Instrumental मारेण
mā́reṇa
माराभ्याम्
mā́rābhyām
मारैः / मारेभिः¹
mā́raiḥ / mā́rebhiḥ¹
Dative माराय
mā́rāya
माराभ्याम्
mā́rābhyām
मारेभ्यः
mā́rebhyaḥ
Ablative मारात्
mā́rāt
माराभ्याम्
mā́rābhyām
मारेभ्यः
mā́rebhyaḥ
Genitive मारस्य
mā́rasya
मारयोः
mā́rayoḥ
माराणाम्
mā́rāṇām
Locative मारे
mā́re
मारयोः
mā́rayoḥ
मारेषु
mā́reṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Monier-Williams' Sanskrit-English Dictionary, 2nd Ed. 1899.