मा

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Garhwali[edit]

Verb[edit]

मा () (transitive)

  1. have
    मेमा यअक किताब न्ही च।
    me yaak kitāb nhī ca.
    I don't have a book.



Nepali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Sanskrit मध्य (madhya), cognate with Hindi में (mẽ).

Postposition[edit]

मा ()

  1. in, at, on

Newar[edit]

Noun[edit]

मा ()

  1. plant

Sanskrit[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *maH, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *maH, from Proto-Indo-European *meh₁ (prohibitive particle). Cognate with Albanian mo (don't), Ancient Greek μή (mḗ, not, don't), Old Armenian մի (mi, no, not), Avestan 𐬁𐬨(), Old Persian 𐎶𐎠 (m-a /mā/) (whence Persian مـ(ma-)).

Particle[edit]

मा (mā́)[1]

  1. don't (prohibitive particle)
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 1.5.10
    • मा नो मर्ता अभि द्रुहन्तनूनामिन्द्र गिर्वणः । ईशानो यवया वधम् ॥
      no martā abhi druhantanūnāmindra girvaṇaḥ . īśāno yavayā vadham .
      O Indra, thou who lovest song, do not let any man hurt our bodies. Keep slaughter far from us for thou canst.

Descendants[edit]

  • Dardic: *mā́
    • Kalasha: mo
  • Maharastri Prakrit: 𑀫𑀁𑀢 (maṃta)
  • Pali:
  • Sauraseni Prakrit: 𑀫𑀁𑀢 (maṃta)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *máHm, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *máHm.

Pronoun[edit]

मा (mā́)

  1. accusative singular of अहम् (ahám)

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Root[edit]

मा ()

  1. (3 A) to sound, bellow, roar, bleat

References[edit]

  1. ^ Monier Williams (1899), “मा”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 804.