मा

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Garhwali[edit]

Postposition[edit]

मा ()

  1. in, at, on
    स्कूल मा मि किताब पढ़दु।
    skūl mi kitāb paṛhdu.
    I read a book at school.

Nepali[edit]

Postposition[edit]

मा ()

  1. in, at, on

Newari[edit]

Noun[edit]

मा ()

  1. plant

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *maH, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *maH, from Proto-Indo-European *meh₁ (prohibitive particle). Cognate with Albanian mo (don't), Ancient Greek μή (mḗ, not, don't), Old Armenian մի (mi, no, not), Avestan 𐬁𐬨 (), Persian مـ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /mɑ́ː/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /mɑː/
  • Particle[edit]

    मा (mā́)

    1. don't (prohibitive particle)
      • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 1.5.10
        मा नो मर्ता अभि द्रुहन्तनूनामिन्द्र गिर्वणः । ईशानो यवया वधम् ॥
        no martā abhi druhantanūnāmindra girvaṇaḥ . īśāno yavayā vadham .
        O Indra, thou who lovest song, do not let any man hurt our bodies. Keep slaughter far from us for thou canst.

    Descendants[edit]

    • Hindi: मत (mat, don't)

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 804/1

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Pronoun[edit]

    मा ()

    1. accusative singular of अहम् (aham)