मास

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit मास (mā́sa), from Proto-Indo-European *mḗh₁n̥s.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

मास (māsm

  1. a month
    Synonyms: माह (māh), महीना (mahīnā)

Declension[edit]

Declension of मास
Singular Plural
Direct मास (mās) मास (mās)
Oblique मास (mās) मासों (māsõ)
Vocative मास (mās) मासो (māso)

Konkani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit मांस (māṃsá), from Proto-Indo-European *mḗms. Compare Kalasha mos.

Noun[edit]

मास (mās) (Latin script maas, Kannada script ಮಾಸ್)

  1. flesh

Pali[edit]

Noun[edit]

मास m

  1. Devanagari script form of māsa

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *mā́Hasas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *mā́Hasas, genitive of *mā́Has, from Proto-Indo-European *mḗh₁n̥s (moon; month), probably from *meh₁- (to measure). Cognate with Latin mensis, Ancient Greek μήν (mḗn), Old Persian 𐎶𐎠𐏃 (māha), Old English mōnaþ, mōna (whence English month, moon).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

मास (mā́sam

  1. moon
    • RV 10.89.13a
      अन्वह मासा अन्विद वनान्यन्वोषधीरनु पर्वतासः |
      अन्विन्द्रं रोदसी वावशाने अन्वापो अजिहतजायमानम ||
      anvaha māsā anvid vanānyanvoṣadhīranu parvatāsaḥ |
      anvindraṃ rodasī vāvaśāne anvāpo ajihatajāyamānam ||
      Him, verily, the moons, the mountains followed, the tall trees followed and the plants and herbage.
      Yearning with love both Worlds approached, the Waters waited on Indra when he first had being.
  2. a month or the 12th part of the Hindu year
    • RV 3.31.9d
      नि गव्यता मनसा सेदुरर्कैः कर्ण्वानासो अम्र्तत्वाय गातुम |
      इदं चिन नु सदनं भूर्येषां येन मासानसिषासन्न्र्तेन ||
      ni ghavyatā manasā sedurarkaiḥ kṛṇvānāso amṛtatvāya ghātum |
      idaṃ cin nu sadanaṃ bhūryeṣāṃ yena māsānasiṣāsannṛtena ||
      They sate them down with spirit fain for booty, making with hymns a way to life eternal.
      And this is still their place of frequent session, whereby they sought to gain the months through Order.
    मासम् (māsam)for a month
    मासम् एकम् (māsam ekam)for one month
    मासेन (māsena)in the course of a month
    मासे (māse)in a month = after the lapse of a month
  3. a symbolical name for the number twelve

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of मास
Nom. sg. मासः (māsaḥ)
Gen. sg. मासस्य (māsasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative मासः (māsaḥ) मासौ (māsau) मासाः (māsāḥ)
Vocative मास (māsa) मासौ (māsau) मासाः (māsāḥ)
Accusative मासम् (māsam) मासौ (māsau) मासान् (māsān)
Instrumental मासेन (māsena) मासाभ्याम् (māsābhyām) मासैः (māsaiḥ)
Dative मासाय (māsāya) मासाभ्याम् (māsābhyām) मासेभ्यः (māsebhyaḥ)
Ablative मासात् (māsāt) मासाभ्याम् (māsābhyām) मासेभ्यः (māsebhyaḥ)
Genitive मासस्य (māsasya) मासयोः (māsayoḥ) मासानाम् (māsānām)
Locative मासे (māse) मासयोः (māsayoḥ) मासेषु (māseṣu)

See also[edit]

References[edit]