मास

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit मास (mā́sa), from Proto-Indo-European *mḗh₁n̥s.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

मास (māsm

  1. a month
    Synonyms: माह (māh), महीना (mahīnā)

Declension[edit]

Declension of मास
Singular Plural
Direct मास (mās) मास (mās)
Oblique मास (mās) मासों (māsõ)
Vocative मास (mās) मासो (māso)

Konkani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit मांस (māṃsá), from Proto-Indo-European *mḗms. Compare Kalasha mos.

Noun[edit]

मास (mās) (Latin script maas, Kannada script ಮಾಸ್)

  1. flesh

Pali[edit]

Noun[edit]

मास m

  1. Devanagari script form of māsa

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *mā́Hasas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *mā́Hasas, genitive of *mā́Has, from Proto-Indo-European *mḗh₁n̥s (moon; month), probably from *meh₁- (to measure). Cognate with Latin mensis, Ancient Greek μήν (mḗn), Old Persian 𐎶𐎠𐏃 (māha), Old English mōnaþ, mōna (whence English month, moon).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

मास (mā́sam or n

  1. moon
    • RV 10.89.13a
      अन्वह मासा अन्विद वनान्यन्वोषधीरनु पर्वतासः |
      अन्विन्द्रं रोदसी वावशाने अन्वापो अजिहतजायमानम ||
      anvaha māsā anvid vanānyanvoṣadhīranu parvatāsaḥ |
      anvindraṃ rodasī vāvaśāne anvāpo ajihatajāyamānam ||
      Him, verily, the moons, the mountains followed, the tall trees followed and the plants and herbage.
      Yearning with love both Worlds approached, the Waters waited on Indra when he first had being.
  2. a month or the 12th part of the Hindu year
    • RV 3.31.9d
      नि गव्यता मनसा सेदुरर्कैः कर्ण्वानासो अम्र्तत्वाय गातुम |
      इदं चिन नु सदनं भूर्येषां येन मासानसिषासन्न्र्तेन ||
      ni ghavyatā manasā sedurarkaiḥ kṛṇvānāso amṛtatvāya ghātum |
      idaṃ cin nu sadanaṃ bhūryeṣāṃ yena māsānasiṣāsannṛtena ||
      They sate them down with spirit fain for booty, making with hymns a way to life eternal.
      And this is still their place of frequent session, whereby they sought to gain the months through Order.
    मासम् (māsam)for a month
    मासम् एकम् (māsam ekam)for one month
    मासेन (māsena)in the course of a month
    मासे (māse)in a month = after the lapse of a month
  3. a symbolical name for the number twelve

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of मास (mā́sa)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative मासः
mā́saḥ
मासौ
mā́sau
मासाः / मासासः¹
mā́sāḥ / mā́sāsaḥ¹
Vocative मास
mā́sa
मासौ
mā́sau
मासाः / मासासः¹
mā́sāḥ / mā́sāsaḥ¹
Accusative मासम्
mā́sam
मासौ
mā́sau
मासान्
mā́sān
Instrumental मासेन
mā́sena
मासाभ्याम्
mā́sābhyām
मासैः / मासेभिः¹
mā́saiḥ / mā́sebhiḥ¹
Dative मासाय
mā́sāya
मासाभ्याम्
mā́sābhyām
मासेभ्यः
mā́sebhyaḥ
Ablative मासात्
mā́sāt
मासाभ्याम्
mā́sābhyām
मासेभ्यः
mā́sebhyaḥ
Genitive मासस्य
mā́sasya
मासयोः
mā́sayoḥ
मासानाम्
mā́sānām
Locative मासे
mā́se
मासयोः
mā́sayoḥ
मासेषु
mā́seṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Neuter a-stem declension of मास (mā́sa)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative मासम्
mā́sam
मासे
mā́se
मासानि / मासा¹
mā́sāni / mā́sā¹
Vocative मास
mā́sa
मासे
mā́se
मासानि / मासा¹
mā́sāni / mā́sā¹
Accusative मासम्
mā́sam
मासे
mā́se
मासानि / मासा¹
mā́sāni / mā́sā¹
Instrumental मासेन
mā́sena
मासाभ्याम्
mā́sābhyām
मासैः / मासेभिः¹
mā́saiḥ / mā́sebhiḥ¹
Dative मासाय
mā́sāya
मासाभ्याम्
mā́sābhyām
मासेभ्यः
mā́sebhyaḥ
Ablative मासात्
mā́sāt
मासाभ्याम्
mā́sābhyām
मासेभ्यः
mā́sebhyaḥ
Genitive मासस्य
mā́sasya
मासयोः
mā́sayoḥ
मासानाम्
mā́sānām
Locative मासे
mā́se
मासयोः
mā́sayoḥ
मासेषु
mā́seṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]