मास

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀫𑀸𑀲 (māsa), from Sanskrit मास (māsa).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /mɑːs/, [mäːs̪]

Noun[edit]

मास (māsm (Urdu spelling ماس‎)

  1. a month
    Synonyms: माह (māh), महीना (mahīnā)

Declension[edit]


Konkani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit मांस (māṃsá), from Proto-Indo-European *mḗms. Compare Kalasha mos.

Noun[edit]

मास (mās) (Latin script maas, Kannada script ಮಾಸ್)

  1. flesh

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

मास m

  1. Devanagari script form of māsa (month)
  2. Devanagari script form of māsa (mungo bean)

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *mā́Hasas (moon, month), from Proto-Indo-European *mḗh₁n̥s (moon; month), which underwent thematicization. Cognate with Latin mensis, Ancient Greek μήν (mḗn), Old Persian 𐎶𐎠𐏃 (m-a-h /māha/) (Persian ماه(mâh)), Old English mōnaþ, mōna (whence English month, moon).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

मास (mā́sam

  1. the moon
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 10.92.12:
      सूर्यामासा विचरन्ता दिविक्षिता धिया शमीनहुषी अस्य बोधतम् ॥
      sūryāmāsā vicarantā divikṣitā dhiyā śamīnahuṣī asya bodhatam .
      Ye Sun and Moon who dwell in heaven and move in turn, and with your thought, O Earth and Sky, observe this well.
  2. a month or the 12th part of the Hindu year
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 6.24.7:
      न यं जरन्ति शरदो न मासा न द्याव इन्द्रमवकर्शयन्ति ।
      वृद्धस्य चिद्वर्धतामस्य तनू स्तोमेभिरुक्थैश्च शस्यमाना ॥
      na yaṃ jaranti śarado na māsā na dyāva indramavakarśayanti .
      vṛddhasya cidvardhatāmasya tanū stomebhirukthaiśca śasyamānā .
      That Indra whom nor months nor autumn seasons cause to wither with age, nor fleeting days enfeeble,—
      Still may his body Wax, e’en now so mighty, glorified by the lauds and hymns that praise him.
    मासम् (māsam)for a month
    मासम् एकम् (māsam ekam)for one month
    मासेन (māsena)in the course of a month
    मासे (māse)in a month = after the lapse of a month
  3. a symbolical name for the number twelve

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of मास (mā́sa)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative मासः
mā́saḥ
मासौ
mā́sau
मासाः / मासासः¹
mā́sāḥ / mā́sāsaḥ¹
Vocative मास
mā́sa
मासौ
mā́sau
मासाः / मासासः¹
mā́sāḥ / mā́sāsaḥ¹
Accusative मासम्
mā́sam
मासौ
mā́sau
मासान्
mā́sān
Instrumental मासेन
mā́sena
मासाभ्याम्
mā́sābhyām
मासैः / मासेभिः¹
mā́saiḥ / mā́sebhiḥ¹
Dative मासाय
mā́sāya
मासाभ्याम्
mā́sābhyām
मासेभ्यः
mā́sebhyaḥ
Ablative मासात्
mā́sāt
मासाभ्याम्
mā́sābhyām
मासेभ्यः
mā́sebhyaḥ
Genitive मासस्य
mā́sasya
मासयोः
mā́sayoḥ
मासानाम्
mā́sānām
Locative मासे
mā́se
मासयोः
mā́sayoḥ
मासेषु
mā́seṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]