मांस

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Hindi[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀫𑀁𑀲 (maṃsa), from Sanskrit मांस (māṃsa), from Proto-Indo-European *mēmsóm. Cognate with Gothic 𐌼𐌹𐌼𐌶 (mimz) and Albanian mish.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /mɑːns/, [mä̃ːns]

Noun[edit]

मांस (mānsm (Urdu spellingمانسorماس⁩)

  1. meat
    Synonyms: गोश्त (gośt), बोटी (boṭī)
    यह मांस में बहुत चिकनाई होती है।
    yah māns mẽ bahut ciknāī hotī hai.
    There is a lot of grease in this meat.
    यह मांस विशेष रूप से तुम्हारे लिए पकाया गया था।
    yah māns viśeṣ rūp se tumhāre lie pakāyā gayā thā.
    This meat was cooked especially for you.
  2. flesh
    रोग के कारण, उसके टांग का मांस फूला-फूला हो गया था।
    rog ke kāraṇ, uske ṭāṅg kā māns phūlā-phūlā ho gayā thā.
    Due to the disease, the flesh on his legs became swollen.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Marathi[edit]

Marathi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia mr

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit मांस (māṃsa), from Proto-Indo-European *mḗms.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

मांस (māusan

  1. flesh

Declension[edit]

Declension of मांस (neut cons-stem)
direct
singular
मांस
māusa
direct
plural
मांसे, मांसं
māuse, māusa
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
nominative
प्रथमा
मांस
māusa
मांसे, मांसं
māuse, māusa
oblique
सामान्यरूप
मांसा
māusā
मांसां-
māusān-
acc. / dative
द्वितीया / चतुर्थी
मांसाला
māusālā
मांसांना
māusānnā
ergative मांसाने, मांसानं
māusāne, māusāna
मांसांनी
māusānnī
instrumental मांसाशी
māusāśī
मांसांशी
māusānśī
locative
सप्तमी
मांसात
māusāt
मांसांत
māusāt
vocative
संबोधन
मांसा
māusā
मांसांनो
māusānno
Oblique Note: The oblique case precedes all postpositions.
There is no space between the stem and the postposition.
Locative Note: -त (-ta) is a postposition.
Genitive declension of मांस (neut cons-stem)
masculine object
पुल्लिंगी कर्म
feminine object
स्त्रीलिंगी कर्म
neuter object
नपुसकलिंगी कर्म
oblique
सामान्यरूप
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular*
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular subject
एकवचनी कर्ता
मांसाचा
māusāċā
मांसाचे
māusāċe
मांसाची
māusācī
मांसाच्या
māusācā
मांसाचे, मांसाचं
māusāċe, māusāċa
मांसाची
māusācī
मांसाच्या
māusācā
plural subject
अनेकवचनी कर्ता
मांसांचा
māusānċā
मांसांचे
māusānċe
मांसांची
māusāñcī
मांसांच्या
māusāncā
मांसांचे, मांसांचं
māusānċe, māusānċa
मांसांची
māusāñcī
मांसांच्या
māusāñcā
* Note: Word-final (e) in neuter words is alternatively written with the anusvara and pronounced as (a).
Oblique Note: For most postpostions, the oblique genitive can be optionally inserted between the stem and the postposition.

Derived terms[edit]

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *māmsám, from Proto-Indo-European *mēms-ó-m, from *mḗms. Cognate with Albanian mish, Old Church Slavonic мѧсо (męso), Latin membrum, Old Armenian միս (mis), Gothic 𐌼𐌹𐌼𐌶 (mimz, meat).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

मांस (māṃsá) stemn

  1. flesh, meat flesh, (meat of an animal; fruits are called 'phalani')
  2. name of a mixed caste

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of मांस (māṃsá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative मांसम्
māṃsám
मांसे
māṃsé
मांसानि / मांसा¹
māṃsā́ni / māṃsā́¹
Vocative मांस
mā́ṃsa
मांसे
mā́ṃse
मांसानि / मांसा¹
mā́ṃsāni / mā́ṃsā¹
Accusative मांसम्
māṃsám
मांसे
māṃsé
मांसानि / मांसा¹
māṃsā́ni / māṃsā́¹
Instrumental मांसेन
māṃséna
मांसाभ्याम्
māṃsā́bhyām
मांसैः / मांसेभिः¹
māṃsaíḥ / māṃsébhiḥ¹
Dative मांसाय
māṃsā́ya
मांसाभ्याम्
māṃsā́bhyām
मांसेभ्यः
māṃsébhyaḥ
Ablative मांसात्
māṃsā́t
मांसाभ्याम्
māṃsā́bhyām
मांसेभ्यः
māṃsébhyaḥ
Genitive मांसस्य
māṃsásya
मांसयोः
māṃsáyoḥ
मांसानाम्
māṃsā́nām
Locative मांसे
māṃsé
मांसयोः
māṃsáyoḥ
मांसेषु
māṃséṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Borrowed terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Monier Williams (1899), “मांस”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, →OCLC, page 805/1.
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[1] (in German), volume 2, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 343-4
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “māṁsá”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press