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See also: masa, Masa, masă, mása, mäsä, maşa, and māsā



From Proto-Indo-European *mā-, a baby language word for “mother,” “mommy” (whence also māte, q.v.). This word, probably at first a term of endearment, has replaced an earlier descendent of Proto-Indo-European *swésōr (still found in Lithuanian sesuõ, genitive form seser̃s). Cognates include Lithuanian móša (sister-in-law), Old Prussian moazo ([moaso], aunt).[1]


māsa f (4th declension)

  1. sister (a daughter of a couple, in relation to their other children)
    vecākā, jaunākā māsaolder, younger sister
    brāļi un māsasbrothers and sisters
    īstā māsatrue, real sister
    dvīņu māsatwin sister
    abas rokas izpletis, viņš piepeši metās māsai ap kakluspreading both arms, he suddenly threw himself on his sister's neck (= hugged her)
  2. sister (a woman who is closely associated with someone)
    vārda māsasnamesakes (lit. name sisters, i.e., two women who have the same name)
    līgavas māsasbridesmaids (lit. bride's sisters)
    es visiem pazemotiem esmu māsa / un visiem grūtsirdīgiem draudzeneI am the sister of all humiliated (people) / and the friend of all melancholic (people)
  3. nurse (medical assistant who helps a doctor treat patients)
    māsa, medicīnas māsanurse
    operāciju māsaoperation nurse
    diētas māsadiet nurse
    vecākā māsachief (lit. older) nurse
    medicīnas māsu kursinurse training courses
    iegūt medicīnas māsu diplomuto get a nurse diploma
  4. sister (nun, female member of a religious order)
    māsa Olga zināja daudz ko tādu, ko nezināja Vaikulissister Olga knew many things that Vaikulis didn't know



Related terms[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “māsa”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7


Alternative forms[edit]


māsa m

  1. month
  2. a kind of bean, Phaseolus Indica