māte

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Latvian[edit]

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 māte on Latvian Wikipedia
Māte un bērns

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic (or Proto-Balto-Slavic[1]) *māˀtē, from Proto-Indo-European *mātér (< *méh₂tēr) “mother,” where the initial *ma, *meh₂ may have originally been a child's call or nursery word. Cognates include Lithuanian mótė (woman, wife) (dialectally also “mother”) móteris (woman), mótina (mother), Old Prussian mūti, muti, mothe, Sudovian ate (< *māte), Proto-Slavic *mati, *matere (genitive) (Russian мать (matʹ), матери (máteri), Belarusian маць (macʹ), Ukrainian мати (máty), Bulgarian мати (máti), матер (máter), Czech máti, Polish archaic mać), Proto-Germanic *mōdēr (Old Saxon mōdar, Old English mōdor, English mother, Old Norse móðir, Old High German muoter, German Mutter), Sanskrit मातृ (mā́tṛ), Avestan [script needed] (māta(r)-), Ancient Greek μήτηρ (mḗtēr), Doric μάτηρ (mátēr), Latin māter.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

māte f (5th declension)

  1. mother (female parent)
    mātes mīlestība, rūpes, piens‎ ― mother's love, care, milk
    māte un bērns‎ ― mother and child
    daudzbērnu māte‎ ― a many-child mother
    vientuļā māte‎ ― single (= unmarried) mother
    mātes valoda‎ ― mother tongue (= native language)
    mātes un bērna aizsardzība‎ ― mother and child protection
    bērni palikuši bez mātes‎ ― children left without a mother
    aizstāt kādam māti‎ ― to replace someone's mother
    būt mātes cerībās‎ ― to be in hope of mother (= to be pregnant)
    mazā meitenīte kā mazs cinītis sēdēja mātei blakus‎ ― the little girl, like a little hill, sat next to (her) mother
  2. female individual of some animal species
    briežu, vilku, lāču māte'‎ ― deer, wolf, bear mother (= female)
    bišu māte‎ ― queen bee
  3. (affectionate) an older woman
    piesēdies, māt! — take a seat, mother!
    meža māte‎ ― forest mother (= a mythical being)

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kim, Ronald (forth.), “The Phonology of Balto-Slavic”, in Jared S. Klein, Brian Joseph, and Matthias Fritz, editors, Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An International Handbook of Language Comparison and the Reconstruction of Indo-European[1], Berlin: de Gruyter
  2. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “māte”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
  • māte in some Latvian dictionary at tezaurs.lv