māte

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Latvian[edit]

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 Māte on Latvian Wikipedia

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Māte un bērns

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic (or Proto-Balto-Slavic[1]) *māˀtē, from Proto-Indo-European *mātér (< *méh₂tēr) “mother,” where the initial *ma, *meh₂ may have originally been a child's call or nursery word. Cognates include Lithuanian mótė ‎(woman, wife) (dialectally also “mother”) móteris ‎(woman), mótina ‎(mother), Old Prussian mūti, muti, mothe, Sudovian ate (< *māte), Proto-Slavic *mati, *matere (genitive) (Russian мать ‎(matʹ), матери ‎(máteri), Belarusian маць ‎(macʹ), Ukrainian мати ‎(máty), Bulgarian мати ‎(máti), матер ‎(máter), Czech máti, Polish archaic mać), Proto-Germanic *mōdēr (Old Saxon mōdar, Old English mōdor, English mother, Old Norse móðir, Old High German muoter, German Mutter), Sanskrit मातृ ‎(mā́tṛ), Avestan [script needed] ‎(māta(r)-), Ancient Greek μήτηρ ‎(mḗtēr), Doric μάτηρ ‎(mátēr), Latin māter.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

māte f (5th declension)

  1. mother (female parent)
    mātes mīlestība, rūpes, piensmother's love, care, milk
    māte un bērnsmother and child
    daudzbērnu māte — a many-child mother
    vientuļā māte — single (= unmarried) mother
    mātes valodamother tongue (= native language)
    mātes un bērna aizsardzībamother and child protection
    bērni palikuši bez mātes — children left without a mother
    aizstāt kādam māti — to replace someone's mother
    būt mātes cerībās — to be in hope of mother (= to be pregnant)
    mazā meitenīte kā mazs cinītis sēdēja mātei blakus — the little girl, like a little hill, sat next to (her) mother
  2. female individual of some animal species
    briežu, vilku, lāču māte — deer, wolf, bear mother (= female)
    bišu mātequeen bee
  3. (affectionate) an older woman
    piesēdies, māt! — take a seat, mother!
    meža māte — forest mother (= a mythical being)

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ronald Kim (forth.), The phonology of Balto-Slavic, In: Handbook of Indo-European Studies, ed. M. Weiss & A. Garrett, OUP
  2. ^ “māte” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7