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From the Proto-Indo-Iranian verbal root *su- "to press out, extract". Avestan 𐬵𐬀𐬊𐬨𐬀 (haoma) has the same root.


सोम (sóma)

  1. relating to soma (probably written for सौम (sauma))
  2. (probably) together with उमा (umā)



सोम (sómam

  1. juice, extract, (especially) the juice of the soma plant, (also) the soma plant itself
  2. Soma deity personified
    • RV 8.48.3
      अपाम सोममम्र्ता अभूमागन्म जयोतिरविदाम देवान |
      किं नूनमस्मान कर्णवदरातिः किमु धूर्तिरम्र्त मर्त्यस्य ||
      apāma somamamṛtā abhūmāghanma jyotiravidāma devān |
      kiṃ nūnamasmān kṛṇavadarātiḥ kimu dhūrtiramṛta martyasya ||
      We have drunk Soma and become immortal; we have attained the light, the Gods discovered.
      Now what may foeman's malice do to harm us? What, O Immortal, mortal man's deception?
  3. the moon or moon-god
  4. soma sacrifice
  5. a day destined for extracting the soma-juice
  6. Monday (= सोमवार (soma-vāra))
  7. nectar
  8. camphor
  9. air, wind
  10. water
  11. a drug of supposed magical properties
  12. a particular mountain or mountainous range (according to some the mountains of the moon)
  13. a particular class of fathers (पितृ (pitṛ́)) (probably for सोमपा (soma-pā))
  14. name of various authors (also with पण्डित (paṇḍita), भट्ट (bhaṭṭa), शर्मन् (śarman) etc.)
  15. = सोमचन्द्र (somacandra), or सोमेन्दु (some-ndu)
  16. name of a monkey-chief


See also[edit]


सोम (sóman

  1. rice-water, rice-gruel
  2. heaven, sky, ether