माया

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See also: मायी

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit माया (māyā́).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

माया (māyāf (Urdu spelling مایا)

  1. illusion, deceit
  2. (Hinduism) maya, the veil on reality
    यह संसार माया है।yah sansār māyā hai.This world is an illusion.
  3. (Hinduism) maya, divine power
    ईश्वर की माया अनंत है।īśvar kī māyā anant hai.The divine power of God is infinite.

Declension[edit]

Declension of माया
Singular Plural
Direct माया (māyā) मायाएँ (māyāẽ)
Oblique माया (māyā) मायाओं (māyāon)
Vocative माया (māyā) मायाओ (māyāo)

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Platts, John T. (1884), “माया”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

माया f

  1. fraud
  2. deceit
  3. magic
  4. jugglery

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From √ (ma, measure, magic, binding, fettering)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /mɑː.jɑ́ː/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈmɑː.jɑː/
  • Noun[edit]

    माया (māyā́f

    1. (Vedic) art, wisdom, inhuman or supernatural power
    2. (Vedic, Classical Sanskrit) illusion, deception, trickery, demonic magic
      • Kālīdāsa, Raghuvaṃśa 2.62
        मया मायां उद्भाव्या परीक्षितः असि
        mayā māyāṃ udbhāvyā parīkṣitaḥ asi
        I have examined you by creating an illusion
    3. an unreal or illusory image, phantom, apparition
    4. (Buddhism) duplicity, one of the 24 minor evil passions
    5. (philosophy) illusion
    6. (Shaivism) one of the 4 pāśas (snares) which entangle the soul
    7. (Vaishnavism) one of the 9 shaktis (energies) of Vishnu
    8. compassion, sympathy
    9. Operculina turpethum (Convolvulus turpethum)
    10. (poetry) name of two poetic meters

    Declension[edit]

    Feminine ā-stem declension of माया (māyā́)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative माया
    māyā́
    माये
    māyé
    मायाः
    māyā́ḥ
    Vocative माये
    mā́ye
    माये
    mā́ye
    मायाः
    mā́yāḥ
    Accusative मायाम्
    māyā́m
    माये
    māyé
    मायाः
    māyā́ḥ
    Instrumental मायया / माया¹
    māyáyā / māyā́¹
    मायाभ्याम्
    māyā́bhyām
    मायाभिः
    māyā́bhiḥ
    Dative मायायै
    māyā́yai
    मायाभ्याम्
    māyā́bhyām
    मायाभ्यः
    māyā́bhyaḥ
    Ablative मायायाः
    māyā́yāḥ
    मायाभ्याम्
    māyā́bhyām
    मायाभ्यः
    māyā́bhyaḥ
    Genitive मायायाः
    māyā́yāḥ
    माययोः
    māyáyoḥ
    मायानाम्
    māyā́nām
    Locative मायायाम्
    māyā́yām
    माययोः
    māyáyoḥ
    मायासु
    māyā́su
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Proper noun[edit]

    माया (māyā́f

    1. The name of several goddesses (Illusion personified, Lakshmi)
    2. A female given name, equivalent to English Maya (famously held by the mother of the Buddha)
    3. A city.
    4. (poetry, in the dual, māye indrasya) name of 2 sāmans

    Declension[edit]

    Feminine ā-stem declension of माया (māyā́)
    Singular
    Nominative माया
    māyā́
    Vocative माये
    mā́ye
    Accusative मायाम्
    māyā́m
    Instrumental मायया / माया¹
    māyáyā / māyā́¹
    Dative मायायै
    māyā́yai
    Ablative मायायाः
    māyā́yāḥ
    Genitive मायायाः
    māyā́yāḥ
    Locative मायायाम्
    māyā́yām
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 811/1-2