मैं

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See also: , , , में, and

Dogri[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

मैं (transliteration needed)

  1. I

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Hindi मैं (maiṃ), from Sauraseni Apabrahmsa मइं (maĩ), from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀫𑀏 (mae) (akin to Sanskrit मया (mayā)), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *máyaH the instrumental singular of *aĵʰHám (I), from Proto-Indo-European *éǵH-om. Compare Punjabi ਮੈਂ (mē̃), Nepali (ma), Marathi मी (), all deriving from oblique forms of the first-person personal pronoun.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mɛ̃/
  • (dialectal) IPA(key): /məɪ/, [məɪ̯]

Pronoun[edit]

मैं (ma͠im, f (Urdu spelling میں)

  1. I (the first person personal singular pronoun) (Plural: हम (ham) or हम लोग (ham log))
    मैं एक आदमी हूँ
    Ma͠i ek ādmī hū̃.
    I am a man.

Inflection[edit]

Declension of मैं
direct मैं (ma͠i)
indirect मुझ (mujh)
ergative मैंने (ma͠ine)
genitive मेरा (merā)
dative मुझे (mujhe), मुझको (mujhko)

Further reading[edit]

  • Caturvedi, Mahendra; Bhola Nath Tiwari (1970), “मैं”, in A practical Hindi-English dictionary, Delhi: National Publishing House
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “ma”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press
  • Richard Pischel (1900) Grammatik der Prakrit-Sprachen [Comparative Grammar Of The Prakrit Languages][1], Varanasi: Motilal Banarasidass, published 1957

References[edit]

  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993), “मैं”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “मैं”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.

Old Hindi[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sauraseni Apabrahmsa [script needed] (maĩ), [script needed] (maï), from Sauraseni Prakrit [script needed] (mae), [script needed] (maï), from Sanskrit मया (mayā), instrumental singular of अहम् (aham).

Pronoun[edit]

मैं (maiṃ)

  1. I
    • c. 1500, Kabir, Assorted Poetry, pad 76, line 3:
      जग मैं देषूँ जग न देषि मोहि
      jaga maiṃ deṣūm̐ jaga na deṣi mohi
      I see the world, [but] the world does not see me.