मैं

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See also: and में

Dogri[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Khasa Prakrit [Term?] (compare Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀫𑀏 (maë)), from Sanskrit मया (mayā), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *máyaH (the instrumental singular of *aȷ́ʰám (I)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁móy.

Pronoun[edit]

मैं (ma͠i)

  1. I

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Hindi मैं (maiṃ), from Sauraseni Apabhramsa मइं (maĩ), from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀫𑀏 (maë), from Sanskrit मया (mayā), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *máyaH (the instrumental singular of *aȷ́ʰám (I)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁móy.[1][2][3]

Cognate to Punjabi ਮੈਂ (maĩ), Nepali (ma), Assamese মই (moi), Oriya ମୁଁ (mum̐) , Sylheti ꠝꠥꠁ (mui), Kamta মুই (mui), Marathi मी (), all deriving from oblique forms of the first-person personal pronoun.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /mɛ̃ː/
  • (dialectal) IPA(key): /məɪ/, [məɪ̯]
  • (file)

Pronoun[edit]

मैं (ma͠im or f (Urdu spelling میں‎)

  1. I (the first person personal singular pronoun)
    मैं एक आदमी हूँ
    ma͠i ek ādmī hū̃.
    I am a man.

Inflection[edit]

Declension of मैं
direct मैं (ma͠i)
indirect मुझ (mujh)
ergative मैंने (mainne)
genitive मेरा (merā)
dative मुझे (mujhe) , मुझको (mujhko)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vit Bubenik; Chitra Paranjape, “Development of Pronominal Systems from Apabhraṃśa to New Indo-Aryan”, in Indo-Iranian Journal[1], volume 39, issue 2, Brill, April 1996, pages 111-132
  2. ^ Turner, Ralph Lilley, “ma(9691)”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, 1969–1985.
  3. ^ Pischel, Richard, Comparative Grammar Of The Prakrit Languages (published 1957), Varanasi: Motilal Banarasidass, 1900.

Further reading[edit]

  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart, “मैं”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press, 1993.
  • Platts, John Thompson, “मैं”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co., 1884
  • Caturvedi, Mahendra; Tiwari, Bhola Nath, “मैं”, in A Practical Hindi-English dictionary, Delhi: National Publishing House, 1970

Kumaoni[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Khasa Prakrit [Term?] (compare Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀫𑀏 (maë)), from Sanskrit मया (mayā), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *máyaH (the instrumental singular of *aȷ́ʰám (I)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁móy.

Pronoun[edit]

मैं (ma͠i)

  1. I

Old Hindi[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sauraseni Apabhramsa मइं (maĩ), from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀫𑀏 (maë), from Sanskrit मया (mayā), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *máyaH (the instrumental singular of *aȷ́ʰám (I)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁móy.

Pronoun[edit]

मैं (maiṃ)

  1. I
    • c. 1500, Kabir, Assorted Poetry, pad 76, line 3:
      जग मैं देषूँ जग न देषि मोहि
      jaga maiṃ deṣūm̐ jaga na deṣi mohi
      I see the world, [but] the world does not see me.

Descendants[edit]

  • Hindustani:
    Hindi: मैं (ma͠i)
    Urdu: میں(ma͠i)