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See also: miec and mieç



Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Polish imieć, himieć, jemieć, jmieć (ymyecz, ymecz, ymyal, yymąl, gimyal, gymene, gymyecz, gymyal, nye gmyal)[1][2], from Proto-Slavic *jьměti (stem *jьma-).


mieć impf (frequentative miewać)

  1. (intransitive) to have
    Mam kota.I have a cat.
  2. (intransitive) to be (for an age)
    Mam 22 lata.I am 22 [years old]. (literally I have 22 years.)
  3. (auxiliary, intransitive) must, have to, need to, supposed to
    Mamy iść na zakupy.We have to go shopping.
  4. (intransitive) to feel something
  5. (reflexive) to fare (to be in any state, or pass through any experience, good or bad)
  6. (reflexive) to consider oneself
    Masz się za lepszego?You think you're better than me?
  7. (intransitive, impersonal, strictly in the negative) to be gone, to not be present, there is no.
    Antonym: być
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.



  1. second-person singular imperative of mieść


  1. ^ S. Urbańczyk, editor (1960), “Imieć, Himieć, Imieć się, Jemieć, Jmieć”, in Słownik staropolski (in Old Polish), volume 3, Wrocław, Kraków, Warsaw: Polish Academy of Sciences, page 16
  2. ^ B. Sieradzka-Baziur, editor (2011–2015), “imieć, himieć, imieć się, jemieć, jmieć”, in Słownik pojęciowy języka staropolskiego [Conceptual Dictionary of Old Polish] (in Polish), Kraków: IJP PAN, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]