niech

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Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortened from niechaj, the second-person imperative singular of niechać (to cease). Compare Serbo-Croatian neka.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɲɛx/
  • (file)

Particle[edit]

niech

  1. Forms the third person imperative in the singular and plural; let, may.
    Niech moc będzie z tobą!May the force be with you!
    Niech cię Bóg błogosławi. – God bless you.
  2. Forms the first person imperative in the singular; used only with perfective verbs; let, may.
    Niech no pomyślę... – Let me think...
    Niech zgadnę... ty jesteś John? – Let me guess... you must be John?

Usage notes[edit]

  1. niech + present tense of imperfective verbs or future tense of perfective verbs
  2. niech + future tense of perfective verbs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • niech in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • niech in Polish dictionaries at PWN