mæst

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Old English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *maistaz, *maist.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mǣst

  1. superlative degree of miċel: biggest, most

Usage notes[edit]

  • When used with a countable noun, mǣst occurs in the singular, with the noun it describes in the genitive case: Mǣst manna is medume ("Most people are average," literally "Most of people is average").
  • When it's used to mean "the most/the largest amount," mǣst occurs without the word "the": Hīe flīton hwelċ cynn hæbbe mǣst gold ("They were arguing over which race has the most gold"), Hīe woldon ġesēon hwæðer hæfde mǣst bearna ("They wanted to see who would have the most children").
  • When it means "biggest," it's used like any other adjective and neither of the above rules apply.
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle English: most, moste

Adverb[edit]

mǣst

  1. most

Usage notes[edit]

  • Swīðost is most often used instead of mǣst adverbially: sē cniht þe hē swīðost lufode ("the boy that he most loved"). In addition, neither mǣst nor swīðost is used to form the superlative of adjectives or adverbs. Instead, the suffix -ost or -est is used: fæġer ("beautiful") → fæġrost ("most beautiful").

Etymology 2[edit]

From West Proto-Germanic *mastaz. Cognate with Middle Dutch mast (Dutch mast), Old High German mast (German Mast).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mæst m (nominative plural mǣstas)

  1. mast (of ship)
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *masta-, from Proto-Indo-European *mad(z)do-. Cognate with Middle Dutch mast, Old High German mast (German Mast); and related to Latin madere (to be wet) and Old English mete (food).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mæst m

  1. mast (forest nuts)
Descendants[edit]