-me

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Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Created during the Hungarian language reform which took place in the 18th–19th centuries. The neologists formed new words with it after artificially deducing it from words ending in -ma/-me. [1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-me

  1. (noun suffix, rare) Added to a word to form a noun.
    ér(to be worth something)érme(coin)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative -me -mék
accusative -mét -méket
dative -mének -méknek
instrumental -mével -mékkel
causal-final -méért -mékért
translative -mévé -mékké
terminative -méig -mékig
essive-formal -meként -mékként
essive-modal -méül -mékül
inessive -mében -mékben
superessive -mén -méken
adessive -ménél -méknél
illative -mébe -mékbe
sublative -mére -mékre
allative -méhez -mékhez
elative -méből -mékből
delative -méről -mékről
ablative -métől -méktől
Possessive forms of -me
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. -mém -méim
2nd person sing. -méd -méid
3rd person sing. -méje -méi
1st person plural -ménk -méink
2nd person plural -métek -méitek
3rd person plural -méjük -méik

Usage notes[edit]

  • (noun suffix) No longer productive. Harmonic variants:
    -ma is added to back vowel words
    -me is added to front vowel words

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gábor Zaicz, Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete, Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, ISBN 963 7094 01 6

Latvian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-me

  1. Added to adjectives (sometimes to nouns) to form abstract nouns, especially those referring to the state or property that corresponds to the original adjective (like, e.g., Eng. -ity).

Derived terms[edit]



Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-me

  1. Negates meaning of the verb.
    Bana ödevini yapmayı unuttuğunu söyleme!
    Don't tell me that you forgot to do your homework!

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-me

  1. Used to form verbal nouns.
    Okuldan sonra eczaneye gitmeyi unuttum.
    I forgot to go to the pharmacy after school.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used when the verb's last vowel is a front vowel.

See also[edit]