-dik

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: dik, dík, and dîk

Azerbaijani[edit]

Suffix[edit]

preceding vowel
A / I E / Ə / İ O / U Ö / Ü
-dıq -dik -duq -dük

-dik

  1. Suffix creating non-subject past participles from verbs.

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

-d + -ik

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-dik

  1. (numeral-forming suffix) -th. Added to a cardinal number to form an ordinal number.
    nulla (zero)nulladik (zeroth)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (numeral-forming suffix) It can be used with all cardinal numbers except egy (one) and kettő (two). Harmonic variants:
    -dik is added to words ending in a vowel
    -odik is added to some back-vowel words
    -adik is added to other back-vowel words
    -edik is added to unrounded front-vowel words
    -ödik is added to rounded front-vowel words

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-dik

  1. Used to form verbal nouns, or non-subject participles. It has a realis sense, as oppossed to -me. As any noun, it can take possessive suffixes to express person.
    Küçük kedi, dün getirdiğim sütü içti.
    The little cat drank the milk I brought yesterday (i.e. bringing the milk to the cat did happen).

Variants[edit]

(after a vowel or a voiced consonant)

  • -dik (after unrounded front vowels i, e)
  • -dık (after unrounded back vowels ı, a)
  • -dük (after rounded front vowels ü, ö)
  • -duk (after rounded back vowels u, o)

(after a voiceless consonant)

  • -tik (after unrounded front vowels i, e)
  • -tık (after unrounded back vowels ı, a)
  • -tük (after rounded front vowels ü, ö)
  • -tuk (after rounded back vowels u, o)

Before another vowel of the same word, k changes to ğ