Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/meh₂d-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

Root[edit]

*meh₂d-[2][3][4]

  1. to be wet, to become wet

Reconstruction notes[edit]

Pokorny, Fortson, and LIV reconstruct this root as an example of an *a-ablauting stem (*m̥d- ~ *mad- ~ *mād-). On the other hand, the regular outcome of *#R̥HC- in the descendants can account for many of the reflexes.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2004) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, first edition, Oxford: Blackwell, pages 72, 183
  2. 2.0 2.1 Pokorny, Julius (1959), “mad-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 694-695
  3. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*mad-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 42
  4. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997), “*m(e)hₐd-”, in Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, pages 638-639
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*mad¹”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 253
  6. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*mad-yo-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 251-252
  7. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*matjan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 358
  8. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “madeō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 358
  9. ^ Wodtko, Dagmar S.; Irslinger, Britta; Schneider, Carolin (2008), “*mad-”, in Nomina im indogermanischen Lexikon [Nouns in the Indo-European Lexicon] (in German), Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, pages 455-457
  10. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “մատաղ”, in Vahan Sargsyan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 513a
  11. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “մաճառակ”, in Vahan Sargsyan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 504a
  12. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “մաճար”, in Vahan Sargsyan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 504a
  13. ^ Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1990), “*mada”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 17, Moscow: Nauka, page 118
  14. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “μαδάω”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 889-890

Etymology 2[edit]

Root[edit]

*meh₂d- (o-grade *moh₂d-)

  1. to meet, approach, encounter

Descendants[edit]