inde

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See also: indē

Danish[edit]

Adverb[edit]

inde

  1. inside

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

inde

  1. singular past indicative and subjunctive of innen

Latin[edit]

Adverb[edit]

inde (not comparable)

  1. thence, from there (in space)
    • 61 CEc. 112 CE, Pliny the Younger, Epistulae 5
      Inde etiam rosas effert, umbrarumque frigus non ingrato sole distinguit. Finito vario illo multiplicique curvamine recto limiti redditur nec huic uni, nam viae plures intercedentibus buxis dividuntur.[1][2]
      Farther on, there are roses too along the path, and the cool shade is pleasantly alternated with sunshine. Having passed through these manifold winding alleys, the path resumes a straight course, and at the same time divides into several tracks, separated by box hedges.[3]
  2. thenceforth (in time)
  3. since (eccl.)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: en
  • French: en
  • Italian: ne
  • Spanish: ende

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pliny text, Latin version
  2. ^ Pliny text, Latin version 2
  3. ^ Pliny text, English translation 1
  4. ^ Munificentissimis Deus, Pope Pius XII, Latin version

Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 Inde on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Inde (etiķete)

Etymology[edit]

A 20th-century neologism, introduced in the Scientific Terminology Dictionary (Riga, 1922) to replace a previous Germanism, ģifts. The word was coined by shortening the (old-fashioned, dialectal) word indeve (illness, disease; bad disposition; evil spirit; poison), which J. Endzelīns considered either an old Curonian term or a borrowing from Lithuanian (cf. Lithuanian dialectal indėvė (poison; evil, evil spirit)), perhaps formed from a prefix *in- (Latvian ie-) and the verb dot (to give) or dēt (to lay (eggs); orig. to put). The meaning evolution would be similar to that of German Gift: from “something given, put (in)” to “poison.” Another possiblity, suggested by the “evil spirit” meaning of the Lithuanian cognate (also attested in older Latvian sources as a name for the devil), is that indeve might come from *in- (negative) + dievs, i.e. “no-god” > “evil, evil spirit” (cf. similarly formed nedievs). It is also possible that two similar words, meaning “disease” and “evil spirit,” became homophonous and merged as indeve. It has also been suggested that Middle Dutch inde (end; death), inden (to end life, to die) could also have influenced indeve, given the strong presence of Dutch sailors and craftsmen in the times of the old Duchy of Courland (1561-1726).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

inde f (5th declension)

  1. poison, venom (substance with deleterious or even fatal effects on living organisms)
    bišu inde — bee venom
    čūsku inde — snake venom
    indes koncentrācija — poison concentration
    čūsku indes zobi — snake venom teeth
    indes dziedzerivenom glands
    sagatavot indi — to prepare poison
    neitralizēt indi — to neutralize poison
    mūsdienu zinātnei labi zināma ļoti iedarbīga inde: kālija cianīds — a very effective poison is well known to modern science: potassium cyanide
    tabakas lapas satur nikotīnu, kas ir stipra sirds inde — the tobacco leaf contains nicotine, which is a strong poison for the heart
  2. (figuratively) poison (something with bad effects on people)
    viņš nestrīdas pretim... bet šaubu un neticības indi pa kādam pilienam iepilina katrā sarunā — he did not counterargue... but he added doubt and drops of the poison of unbelief in every conversation

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “inde” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.