quantus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *kʷijentos, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷíh₂onts (how much, how many), from *kʷíh₂, neuter of *kʷís. Cognate with Ashkun ćīt, Waigali kiti, Sanskrit कियत् (kíyat), Avestan 𐬗𐬎𐬎𐬀𐬧𐬙(cuuaṇt).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

quantus (feminine quanta, neuter quantum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. how much, how many
  2. how big

Usage notes[edit]

  • Being naturally adjective, quantus was then used substantively as quantum (with genitive) to mean "as much of...as"; as quantī (pretiī) to mean "how high (a price)", "as high (a price) as", "how dear", "as dear as"; adverbially as quantum to mean "as much as" (cf. quam); as quantō to mean "by how much", "by as much as". For all these tantus has its coordinate functions.

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative quantus quanta quantum quantī quantae quanta
Genitive quantī quantae quantī quantōrum quantārum quantōrum
Dative quantō quantō quantīs
Accusative quantum quantam quantum quantōs quantās quanta
Ablative quantō quantā quantō quantīs
Vocative quante quanta quantum quantī quantae quanta

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Aromanian: cãt (through conflation with quotus)
  • Asturian: cuántu
  • Catalan: quant
  • Dalmatian: cont
  • Franco-Provençal: quint (through confusion with quinam)
  • French: quant
  • Galician: canto
  • Italian: quanto
  • Neapolitan: quanto
  • Occitan: quant

References[edit]

  • quantus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • quantus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • quantus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • quantus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) as far as I can guess: quantum ego coniectura assequor, auguror
    • (ambiguous) as far as I know: quantum scio
    • (ambiguous) I am not dissatisfied with my progress: non me paenitet, quantum profecerim
    • (ambiguous) to take only enough food to support life: tantum cibi et potionis adhibere quantum satis est
  • quantity in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911.