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From alius ‎(other) +‎ quī ‎(the relative pronoun).



aliquī m ‎(feminine aliquae or aliqua, neuter aliquod, irregular declension)

  1. some

Usage notes[edit]

  • The feminine nominative singular form can be aliquae or aliqua.


Irregular: following the pattern of quī

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative aliquī aliquae /
aliquod aliquī aliquae aliquae /
genitive alicuius /
aliquōrum aliquārum aliquōrum
dative alicui aliquibus
accusative aliquem aliquam aliquod aliquōs aliquās aliquae
ablative aliquō aliquā aliquō aliquibus

See also[edit]


  • aliqui” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • aliqui” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) make way for any one: (de via) decedere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to meet any one: obviam ire alicui
    • (ambiguous) to go to meet some one: obviam venire alicui
    • (ambiguous) to send to meet a person: obviam alicui aliquem mittere
    • (ambiguous) a crowd throngs around some one: multitudo circumfunditur alicui
    • (ambiguous) to have time for a thing: tempus habere alicui rei
    • (ambiguous) to devote time to anything: tempus tribuere alicui rei
    • (ambiguous) to listen to a person: aures praebere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to whisper something in a person's ears: in aurem alicui dicere (insusurrare) aliquid
    • (ambiguous) to come to some one's ears: ad aures alicuius (not alicui) pervenire, accidere
    • (ambiguous) to break a person's neck: cervices (in Cic. only in plur.) frangere alicui or alicuius
    • (ambiguous) to give one's hand to some one: manum (dextram) alicui porrigere
    • (ambiguous) to lay violent hands on a person: manus inicere, inferre, afferre alicui
    • (ambiguous) to wrest from a person's hand: ex or de manibus alicui or alicuius extorquere aliquid
    • (ambiguous) to dazzle a person: oculorum aciem alicui praestringere (also simply praestringere)
    • (ambiguous) to show oneself to some one: se in conspectum dare alicui
    • (ambiguous) to suffocate a person: spiritum intercludere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to be older than: aetate alicui antecedere, anteire
    • (ambiguous) to make a person laugh: risum elicere (more strongly excutere) alicui
    • (ambiguous) to move to tears: lacrimas or fletum alicui movere
    • (ambiguous) to perform the last rites for a person: iusta facere, solvere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to carry out the funeral obsequies: funus alicui facere, ducere (Cluent. 9. 28)
    • (ambiguous) to give funeral games in honour of a person: ludos funebres alicui dare
    • (ambiguous) to finish, complete, fulfil, accomplish a thing: finem imponere, afferre, constituere alicui rei
    • (ambiguous) to put the matter entirely in some one's hands: omnium rerum arbitrium alicui permittere
    • (ambiguous) to give a man the opportunity of doing a thing: occasionem alicui dare, praebere alicuius rei or ad aliquid faciendum
    • (ambiguous) to give a man the opportunity of doing a thing: facultatem alicui dare alicuius rei or ut possit...
    • (ambiguous) to give a man the opportunity of doing a thing: potestatem, copiam alicui dare, facere with Gen. gerund.
    • (ambiguous) to deprive a man of the chance of doing a thing: facultatem, potestatem alicui eripere, adimere
    • (ambiguous) to bring mishap, ruin on a person: calamitatem, pestem inferre alicui
    • (ambiguous) to compass, devise a man's overthrow, ruin: pestem alicui (in aliquem) machinari
    • (ambiguous) to compass, devise a man's overthrow, ruin: perniciem (exitium) alicui afferre, moliri, parare
    • (ambiguous) dangers threaten a man: pericula alicui impendent, imminent
    • (ambiguous) to endanger, imperil a person or thing: alicui periculum creare, conflare
    • (ambiguous) to bring aid to; to rescue: auxilium, opem, salutem ferre alicui
    • (ambiguous) to come to assist any one: auxilio alicui venire
    • (ambiguous) to assist, stand by a person: adesse alicui or alicuius rebus (opp. deesse)
    • (ambiguous) to deliver, rescue a person: salutem alicui afferre
    • (ambiguous) to do harm to, injure any one: damnum inferre, afferre alicui
    • (ambiguous) to show kindness to..: benevolentiam alicui praestare, in aliquem conferre
    • (ambiguous) to be popular with; to stand well with a person: gratiosum esse alicui or apud aliquem
    • (ambiguous) to look favourably upon; to support: studere, favere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to comply with a person's wishes; to humour: alicui morem gerere, obsequi
    • (ambiguous) to do any one a (great) favour: gratum (gratissimum) alicui facere
    • (ambiguous) to do any one a service or kindness: beneficium alicui dare, tribuere
    • (ambiguous) to owe gratitude to; to be under an obligation to a person: gratiam alicui debere
    • (ambiguous) to feel gratitude (in one's heart): gratiam alicui habere
    • (ambiguous) to show gratitude (in one's acts): gratiam alicui referre (meritam, debitam) pro aliqua re
    • (ambiguous) to thank a person (in words): gratias alicui agere pro aliqua re
    • (ambiguous) to consider of importance; to set much (some) store by a thing: multum (aliquid) alicui rei tribuere
    • (ambiguous) to value, esteem a person: multum alicui tribuere
    • (ambiguous) to reward a man according to his deserts: meritum praemium alicui persolvere
    • (ambiguous) to award the prize to..: palmam deferre, dare alicui
    • (ambiguous) to accede to a man's petitions: alicui petenti satisfacere, non deesse
    • (ambiguous) to refuse, reject a request: negare, more strongly denegare alicui aliquid
    • (ambiguous) to refuse, reject a request: petenti alicui negare aliquid
    • (ambiguous) to entrust a matter to a person; to commission: mandatum, negotium alicui dare
    • (ambiguous) to reconcile two people; to be a mediator: placare aliquem alicui or in aliquem
    • (ambiguous) to reconcile two people; to be a mediator: reconciliare alicuius animum or simply aliquem alicui
    • (ambiguous) to be reconciled; to make up a quarrel: sibi aliquem, alicuius animum reconciliare or reconciliari alicui
    • (ambiguous) to praise, extol, commend a person: laudem tribuere, impertire alicui
    • (ambiguous) to consider a thing creditable to a man: aliquid laudi alicui ducere, dare
    • (ambiguous) to reproach a person with..: exprobrare alicui aliquid
    • (ambiguous) to reproach a person with..: aliquid alicui crimini dare, vertere
    • (ambiguous) to detract from a person's reputation, wilfully underestimate a person: alicuius gloriae or simply alicui obtrectare
    • (ambiguous) to damage a person's character, bring him into bad odour: infamiam alicui inferre, aspergere
    • (ambiguous) to honour, show respect for, a person: honorem alicui habere, tribuere
    • (ambiguous) to set up a statue in some one's honour: statuam alicui ponere, constituere
    • (ambiguous) to inflict an indignity upon, insult a person: alicui ignominiam inurere
    • (ambiguous) to injure a man's character, tarnish his honour: notam turpitudinis alicui or vitae alicuius inurere
    • (ambiguous) to expend great labour on a thing: egregiam operam (multum, plus etc. operae) dare alicui rei
    • (ambiguous) to expend great labour on a thing: operam alicui rei tribuere, in aliquid conferre
    • (ambiguous) to be engaged upon a matter: intentum esse alicui rei
    • (ambiguous) to give a person trouble, inconvenience him: negotium alicui facessere (Fam. 3. 10. 1)
    • (ambiguous) to undeceive a person: alicui errorem demere, eripere, extorquere
    • (ambiguous) to give a person his choice: optionem alicui dare (Acad. 2. 7. 19)
    • (ambiguous) to offer a person the alternative of... or..: optionem alicui dare,
    • (ambiguous) to relieve a person of his doubts: dubitationem alicui tollere
    • (ambiguous) to give a person advice: consilium dare alicui
    • (ambiguous) to give a person advice: auctorem esse alicui, ut
    • (ambiguous) to retard, delay a thing: moram alicui rei afferre, inferre, facere
    • (ambiguous) to detain a person: in mora alicui esse
    • (ambiguous) to entrust a child to the tuition of..: puerum alicui erudiendum or in disciplinam tradere
    • (ambiguous) to become a pupil, disciple of some one: operam dare or simply se dare alicui, se tradere in disciplinam alicuius, se conferre, se applicare ad aliquem
    • (ambiguous) to spur, urge a person on: calcaria alicui adhibere, admovere; stimulos alicui admovere
    • (ambiguous) to restrain some one: frenos adhibere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to inculcate good (bad) principles: bene (male) praecipere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to prove one's point to a person's satisfaction: aliquid alicui probare (or c. Acc. c. Inf.)
    • (ambiguous) to object, to adduce in contradiction: opponere alicui aliquid
    • (ambiguous) to contradict some one: dicere contra aliquem or aliquid (not contradicere alicui)
    • (ambiguous) to applaud, clap a person: plausum dare (alicui)
    • (ambiguous) to set some one a theme for discussion: ponere alicui, de quo disputet
    • (ambiguous) to charge some one with a letter for some one else: epistulam dare alicui ad aliquem
    • (ambiguous) to deliver a letter to some one (used of the messenger): epistulam reddere alicui (Att. 5. 21. 4)
    • (ambiguous) to give pleasure to some one: afferre alicui laetitiam
    • (ambiguous) to add the crowning point to a person's joy: cumulum gaudii alicui afferre (vid. sect. V. 6) (Fam. 16. 21. 1)
    • (ambiguous) to cause a person pain: dolorem alicui facere, afferre, commovere
    • (ambiguous) to cause any one very acute pain: acerbum dolorem alicui inurere
    • (ambiguous) to free a person from his pain: dolorem alicui eripere (Att. 9. 6. 4)
    • (ambiguous) to inspire fear, terror: timorem, terrorem alicui inicere, more strongly incutere
    • (ambiguous) terror, panic seizes some one: terror incidit alicui
    • (ambiguous) terror, panic seizes some one: terror invadit in aliquem (rarely alicui, after Livy aliquem)
    • (ambiguous) to take courage: animus alicui accedit, crescit
    • (ambiguous) to succeed in encouraging a person: animum facere, addere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to increase a person's courage: animum alicui augere (B. G. 7. 70)
    • (ambiguous) to inspire any one with hope: spem alicui facere, afferre, inicere
    • (ambiguous) to lead some one to expect..: spem proponere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to rouse a vain, groundless hope in some one's mind: spem falsam alicui ostendere
    • (ambiguous) to deprive a person of hope: spem alicui adimere, tollere, auferre, eripere
    • (ambiguous) to weaken, diminish a person's hope: spem alicui or alicuius minuere
    • (ambiguous) to excite some one's pity: misericordiam alicui commovere
    • (ambiguous) to pardon some one: alicui veniam dare (alicuius rei)
    • (ambiguous) to be dear to some one: carum esse alicui
    • (ambiguous) to be dear to some one: carum atque iucundum esse alicui
    • (ambiguous) to be some one's favourite: in amore et deliciis esse alicui (active in deliciis habere aliquem)
    • (ambiguous) to fill a person with astonishment: admirationem alicui movere
    • (ambiguous) to believe a person: fidem habere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to make some one believe a thing: fidem alicuius rei facere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to believe in, trust in a thing: fidem tribuere, adiungere alicui rei
    • (ambiguous) to rob a person of his credit: fidem abrogare, derogare alicui
    • (ambiguous) to put confidence in some one: confidere alicui (but aliqua re)
    • (ambiguous) to entrust a thing to a person's good faith: committere aliquid alicui or alicuius fidei
    • (ambiguous) to put oneself entirely in some one's hands: totum se committere, tradere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to keep faith with a person, keep one's word: fidem praestare alicui
    • (ambiguous) to confirm, ratify, sanction something: fidem addere alicui rei
    • (ambiguous) to give one's word that..: fidem dare alicui (opp. accipere) (c. Acc. c. Inf.)
    • (ambiguous) to make a thing credible: fidem facere, afferre alicui rei (opp. demere, de-, abrogare fidem)
    • (ambiguous) to rouse a person's suspicions: suspicionem movere, excitare, inicere, dare alicui
    • (ambiguous) to make a person suspected: aliquem in suspicionem adducere (alicui), aliquem suspectum reddere
    • (ambiguous) to be suspected by some one: in suspicionem alicui venire
    • (ambiguous) to be hated by some one: invisum esse alicui
    • (ambiguous) to be hated by some one: odio, invidiae esse alicui
    • (ambiguous) to be hated by some one: in invidia esse alicui
    • (ambiguous) to incur a person's hatred: in odium, in invidiam venire alicui
    • (ambiguous) to make a person odious, unpopular: invidiam alicui conflare (Catil. 1. 9. 23)
    • (ambiguous) to make a person odious, unpopular: invidiam, odium ex-, concitare alicui, in aliquem
    • (ambiguous) to excite a person's wrath: stomachum, bilem alicui movere
    • (ambiguous) to wrong a person: iniuriam inferre, facere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to give some one satisfaction for an injury: satisfacere alicui pro (de) iniuriis
    • (ambiguous) to use violence against some one: vim adhibere, facere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to do violence to a person: vim inferre alicui
    • (ambiguous) to kill with violence: vim et manus afferre alicui (Catil. 1. 8. 21)
    • (ambiguous) to waylay a person: insidias alicui parare, facere, struere, instruere, tendere
    • (ambiguous) to threaten some one with death, crucifixion, torture, war: minitari (minari) alicui mortem, crucem et tormenta, bellum
    • (ambiguous) to threaten with fire and sword: minitari alicui igni ferroque (Phil. 13. 9. 21)
    • (ambiguous) to deceive a person, throw dust in his eyes: verba dare alicui (Att. 15. 16)
    • (ambiguous) to make sport of, rally a person: illudere alicui or in aliquem (more rarely aliquem)
    • (ambiguous) to serve as some one's butt: ludibrio esse alicui
    • (ambiguous) to have an inclination for a thing: studere alicui rei, studiosum esse alicuius rei
    • (ambiguous) to set a limit to a thing: modum facere, statuere, constituere alicui rei or alicuius rei
    • (ambiguous) to give moral advice, rules of conduct: morum praecepta tradere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to give moral advice, rules of conduct: de virtute praecipere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to pay divine honours to some one: alicui divinos honores tribuere, habere
    • (ambiguous) to inspire some one with religious scruples: religionem alicui afferre, inicere, incutere
    • (ambiguous) to make a thing a matter of conscience, be scrupulous about a thing: aliquid in religionem alicui venit
    • (ambiguous) to swear an oath to a person: iusiurandum dare alicui
    • (ambiguous) to bless (curse) a person: precari alicui bene (male) or omnia bona (mala), salutem
    • (ambiguous) the omens are favourable to some one: aves (alites, oscines) addīcunt alicui (opp. abdicunt aliquid)
    • (ambiguous) to give up a thing to some one else: possessione alicuius rei cedere alicui (Mil. 27. 75)
    • (ambiguous) to set food before a person: cibum apponere, ponere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to give some one to drink: alicui bibere dare
    • (ambiguous) to serve some one with drink: alicui bibere ministrare
    • (ambiguous) to provide some one with a livelihood: omnes ad vitam copias suppeditare alicui
    • (ambiguous) to invite oneself to some one's house for dinner: condicere alicui (ad cenam)
    • (ambiguous) to set a repast before a person: cenam alicui apponere
    • (ambiguous) to attach oneself to a person's society: socium se adiungere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to give audience to some one: sui potestatem facere, praebere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to give audience to some one: conveniendi aditum dare alicui
    • (ambiguous) to greet a person: salutem alicui dicere, impertire, nuntiare
    • (ambiguous) to add to one's letter good wishes to some one: adscribere alicui salutem (Att. 5. 20. 9)
    • (ambiguous) to give one's right hand to some one: dextram alicui porrigere, dare
    • (ambiguous) to congratulate a person on something: gratulari alicui aliquid or de aliqua re
    • (ambiguous) to betroth one's daughter to some one: filiam alicui despondere
    • (ambiguous) to marry (of the woman): nubere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to be married to some one: nuptam esse cum aliquo or alicui
    • (ambiguous) to give one's daughter in marriage to some-one: filiam alicui in matrimonio or in matrimonium collocare or simply filiam alicui collocare
    • (ambiguous) to give one's daughter in marriage to some-one: filiam alicui in matrimonium dare
    • (ambiguous) to give one's daughter in marriage to some-one: filiam alicui nuptum dare
    • (ambiguous) to separate, be divorced (used of man or woman): nuntium remittere alicui (De Or. 1. 40)
    • (ambiguous) to separate, be divorced (used of man or woman): repudium dicere or scribere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to leave money to a person in one's will: pecuniam alicui legare
    • (ambiguous) to be some one's heir: heredem esse alicui
    • (ambiguous) to fix a price for a thing: pretium alicui rei statuere, constituere (Att. 13. 22)
    • (ambiguous) to pay cash: pecuniam numerare alicui (Att. 16. 16)
    • (ambiguous) to owe some one money: pecuniam alicui debere
    • (ambiguous) to lend some one money (without interest): pecuniam alicui credere (sine fenore, usuris)
    • (ambiguous) to lend, borrow money at interest: pecuniam fenori (fenore) alicui dare, accipere ab aliquo
    • (ambiguous) to lend money to some one: pecuniam alicui mutuam dare
    • (ambiguous) to put a thing down to a man's account: alicui expensum ferre aliquid
    • (ambiguous) to put down to a man's credit: alicui acceptum referre aliquid (Verr. 2. 70. 170)
    • (ambiguous) to rob a person of his credit: fidem derogare alicui
    • (ambiguous) to present a person with the freedom of the city: civitatem alicui dare, tribuere, impertire
    • (ambiguous) to give the palm, the first place (for wisdom) to some one: primas (e.g. sapientiae) alicui deferre, tribuere, concedere
    • (ambiguous) to proscribe a person, declare him an outlaw: aqua et igni interdicere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to restore to a person his confiscated property: bona alicui restituere
    • (ambiguous) to banish a person from Italy: interdicere alicui Italiā
    • (ambiguous) to confer supreme power on a person: imperium, rerum summam deferre alicui
    • (ambiguous) to give some one unlimited power in state affairs: rem publicam alicui permittere
    • (ambiguous) to invest some one with royal power: alicui regnum deferre, tradere
    • (ambiguous) to lay the yoke of slavery on some one: alicui servitutem iniungere, imponere
    • (ambiguous) to deliver some one from slavery: iugum servile alicui demere
    • (ambiguous) to impose tribute on some one: vectigalia, tributa alicui imponere
    • (ambiguous) to entrust some one with an official duty, a province: provinciam alicui decernere, mandare
    • (ambiguous) the province of Syria has fallen to some one's lot: alicui Syria (sorte) obvēnit, obtigit
    • (ambiguous) to elect a man to fill the place of another who has died whilst in office: sufficere aliquem in alicuius locum or alicui
    • (ambiguous) to succeed a person in an office: alicui or in alicuius locum succedere
    • (ambiguous) to succeed some one as general: alicui imperatori succedere
    • (ambiguous) to prolong some one's office for another year: continuare alicui magistratum
    • (ambiguous) to prolong a person's command: prorogare alicui imperium (in annum)
    • (ambiguous) to invest a person with a position of dignity: honores alicui mandare, deferre
    • (ambiguous) to remove a person from his office: abrogare alicui munus (Verr. 2. 57)
    • (ambiguous) to deprive a person of his position as commandant: abrogare alicui imperium
    • (ambiguous) to give a man audience before the senate: senatum alicui dare (Q. Fr. 2. 11. 2)
    • (ambiguous) to summon some one to appear on a given day; to accuse a person: diem dicere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to judge some one equitably: aequum iudicem se alicui praebere
    • (ambiguous) to have a person tortured: alicui admovere tormenta
    • (ambiguous) to go to law with, sue a person: litem alicui intendere
    • (ambiguous) to attribute the fault to some one: culpam alicui attribuere, assignare
    • (ambiguous) to reproach, blame a person for..: aliquid alicui crimini dare, vitio vertere (Verr. 5. 50)
    • (ambiguous) to pardon a person: veniam dare alicui
    • (ambiguous) to be (heavily) punished by some one: poenas (graves) dare alicui
    • (ambiguous) to be punished by some one (on account of a thing): poenas alicui pendere (alicuius rei)
    • (ambiguous) to impose a fine (used of the prosecutor or the tribunus plebis proposing a fine to be ratified by the people): multam irrogare alicui (Cic. Dom. 17. 45)
    • (ambiguous) to decree the penalty of death: supplicium alicui decernere, in aliquem constituere
    • (ambiguous) to appoint some one commander-in-chief: imperii summam deferre alicui or ad aliquem, tradere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to depose a person from his command: imperium alicui abrogare (Off.3. 10)
    • (ambiguous) to obey a person's orders: dicto audientem esse alicui
    • (ambiguous) to plunge one's sword in some one's breast: gladium alicui in pectus infigere
    • (ambiguous) to make restitution: res reddere (alicui) (cf. sect. V. 11)
    • (ambiguous) to invade: bellum inferre alicui (Att. 9. 1. 3)
    • (ambiguous) to send relief to some one: subsidium alicui summittere
    • (ambiguous) to accept battle: potestatem sui facere (alicui) (cf. sect. XII. 9, note audientia...)
    • (ambiguous) to wound a person (also used metaphorically): vulnus infligere alicui
    • (ambiguous) to inflict a mortal wound on some one: mortiferam plagam alicui infligere
    • (ambiguous) to congratulate a person on his victory: victoriam or de victoria gratulari alicui
    • (ambiguous) to dictate the terms of peace to some one: pacis condiciones dare, dicere alicui (Liv. 29. 12)
    • (ambiguous) to make one's submission to some one: se imperio alicuius subicere (not alicui)
    • (ambiguous) to make one's submission to some one: in deditionem venire (without alicui)
    • (ambiguous) to be subject to some one, under some one's dominion: subiectum esse, obnoxium esse imperio or dicioni alicuius (not simply alicui)