Gift

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See also: gift and GIFT

German[edit]

German Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German gift f (gift, something given), Old High German gift f (gift), from Proto-Germanic *giftiz, which is a derivation of *gebaną (to give). Cognate with English gift.[1]

The word has been used as a euphemism for "poison" since Old High German, influenced by Late Latin dosis (dose), from Ancient Greek δόσις (dósis, something given; dose of medicine). The original meaning "gift" has disappeared in contemporary Standard German, but see Mitgift. Compare also Dutch gift (gift) alongside gif (poison).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Gift n (genitive Gifts or Giftes, plural Gifte)

  1. poison; toxin; venom
    • 2010, Der Spiegel, issue 31/2010, page 49:
      Der Mann ist Toxikologe, ein Experte für Gift. Er arbeitet für ein Pharma-Unternehmen.
      The man is a toxicologist, an expert on poison. He works for a pharmaceutical business.

Usage notes[edit]

  • While the word is neuter in contemporary German, it may also occasionally be masculine in older texts.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

Gift f (genitive Gift, plural Giften)

  1. (obsolete) gift; something given

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Danish: gift (poison)
  • Saterland Frisian: Gift

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kluge, Friedrich (1989), “Gift”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological dictionary of the German language] (in German), 22nd edition, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • Gift in Duden online
  • Gift in Duden online
  • Gift” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Pennsylvania German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare German Gift, Dutch gif.

Noun[edit]

Gift n

  1. poison
  2. poison ivy, ivy poisoning