hela

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Hela, HeLa, helá, héla, and ħela

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German hell.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈhela]
  • Audio:
    (file)
  • Rhymes: -ela
  • Hyphenation: he‧la

Adjective[edit]

hela (accusative singular helan, plural helaj, accusative plural helajn)

  1. clear, bright
    • 1997, Henrik Ibsen, translated by Odd Tangerud, John Gabriel Borkman:
      Li estas juna homo kun helaj, bravaj okuloj.
      He is a young man with bright, brave eyes.

Related terms[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A word from the same stem as heleä (bright (e.g. of a sound)) and helistä (to clink, jingle, tingle);[1] thus a sound-symbolic word. Morphologically possibly a back-formation.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhelɑ/, [ˈhe̞lɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -elɑ
  • Syllabification(key): he‧la

Noun[edit]

hela

  1. mounting, fitting, bushing
  2. bolster (on a knife)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of hela (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative hela helat
genitive helan helojen
partitive helaa heloja
illative helaan heloihin
singular plural
nominative hela helat
accusative nom. hela helat
gen. helan
genitive helan helojen
helainrare
partitive helaa heloja
inessive helassa heloissa
elative helasta heloista
illative helaan heloihin
adessive helalla heloilla
ablative helalta heloilta
allative helalle heloille
essive helana heloina
translative helaksi heloiksi
abessive helatta heloitta
instructive heloin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of hela (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative helani helani
accusative nom. helani helani
gen. helani
genitive helani helojeni
helainirare
partitive helaani helojani
inessive helassani heloissani
elative helastani heloistani
illative helaani heloihini
adessive helallani heloillani
ablative helaltani heloiltani
allative helalleni heloilleni
essive helanani heloinani
translative helakseni heloikseni
abessive helattani heloittani
instructive
comitative heloineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative helasi helasi
accusative nom. helasi helasi
gen. helasi
genitive helasi helojesi
helaisirare
partitive helaasi helojasi
inessive helassasi heloissasi
elative helastasi heloistasi
illative helaasi heloihisi
adessive helallasi heloillasi
ablative helaltasi heloiltasi
allative helallesi heloillesi
essive helanasi heloinasi
translative helaksesi heloiksesi
abessive helattasi heloittasi
instructive
comitative heloinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative helamme helamme
accusative nom. helamme helamme
gen. helamme
genitive helamme helojemme
helaimmerare
partitive helaamme helojamme
inessive helassamme heloissamme
elative helastamme heloistamme
illative helaamme heloihimme
adessive helallamme heloillamme
ablative helaltamme heloiltamme
allative helallemme heloillemme
essive helanamme heloinamme
translative helaksemme heloiksemme
abessive helattamme heloittamme
instructive
comitative heloinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative helanne helanne
accusative nom. helanne helanne
gen. helanne
genitive helanne helojenne
helainnerare
partitive helaanne helojanne
inessive helassanne heloissanne
elative helastanne heloistanne
illative helaanne heloihinne
adessive helallanne heloillanne
ablative helaltanne heloiltanne
allative helallenne heloillenne
essive helananne heloinanne
translative helaksenne heloiksenne
abessive helattanne heloittanne
instructive
comitative heloinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative helansa helansa
accusative nom. helansa helansa
gen. helansa
genitive helansa helojensa
helainsarare
partitive helaansa helojaan
helojansa
inessive helassaan
helassansa
heloissaan
heloissansa
elative helastaan
helastansa
heloistaan
heloistansa
illative helaansa heloihinsa
adessive helallaan
helallansa
heloillaan
heloillansa
ablative helaltaan
helaltansa
heloiltaan
heloiltansa
allative helalleen
helallensa
heloilleen
heloillensa
essive helanaan
helanansa
heloinaan
heloinansa
translative helakseen
helaksensa
heloikseen
heloiksensa
abessive helattaan
helattansa
heloittaan
heloittansa
instructive
comitative heloineen
heloinensa

References[edit]

  1. ^ Häkkinen, Kaisa (2004) Nykysuomen etymologinen sanakirja [Modern Finnish Etymological Dictionary] (in Finnish), Juva: WSOY, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German hell. Not inherited from Esperanto hela, but could be influenced. The native word is klara.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hela

  1. (neologism, of colors) light
    Synonym: klara

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay hela, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *hilah (drag, pull). Cognate with Tagalog hila.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈhela]
  • Hyphenation: hé‧la

Verb[edit]

héla

  1. (transitive) to pull, to drag, to haul

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *hilah (drag, pull). Cognate with Tagalog hila.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

héla (Jawi spellingهيلا⁩)

  1. (transitive) to drag, to haul

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: hela
  • Ternate: hela

References[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • helet
  • helte (simple past, Etymology 4)
  • helt (past participle, Etymology 4)

Verb[edit]

hela

  1. past tense of hele
  2. past participle of hele

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Verb[edit]

hela (present tense helar, past tense hela, past participle hela, passive infinitive helast, present participle helande, imperative hela/hel)

  1. alternative form of hele

Noun[edit]

hela f (definite singular hela, indefinite plural heler or helor, definite plural helene or helone)

  1. definite singular of hele
  2. (pre-2012) alternative form of hele

Old English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *hą̄hil, from Proto-Germanic *hanhilaz. Cognate with Middle Dutch hiele (Dutch hiel), Old Frisian hēla, Old Norse hæll (Danish hæl, Swedish häl).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈxeː.lɑ/, [ˈheː.lɑ]

Noun[edit]

hēla m (nominative plural hēlan)

  1. heel (of the foot)
    Synonym: hōh
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Variant of ēalā, equivalent to *hē +‎ .

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈxeː.lɑː/, [ˈheː.lɑː]

Interjection[edit]

hēlā

  1. Alternative form of ēalā

Old Frisian[edit]

Ēn hēla (1.1).

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *hą̄hil. Cognates include Old English hēla and Old Saxon hēla.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈheːla/, [ˈheːla]

Noun[edit]

hēla m

  1. heel
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *hailijan. Cognate with Old English hǣlan, Old Saxon hēlian.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈheːla/, [ˈhɛːla]

Verb[edit]

hēla

  1. (transitive) to heal
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN, pages 26, 28

Old Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse heila, from Proto-Germanic *hailijaną.

Verb[edit]

hēla

  1. to heal, to cure
  2. to save (in religious sense)

Conjugation[edit]

or

Descendants[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈela/ [ˈe.la]
  • Rhymes: -ela
  • Syllabification: he‧la

Verb[edit]

hela

  1. inflection of haber:
    1. second-person singular imperative combined with la
    2. second-person singular voseo imperative combined with la

Swahili[edit]

Swahili Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sw

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Heller, which was introduced in 1904 at the value of 1/100 rupee.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hela (n class, plural hela)

  1. money
    Synonym: pesa
  2. (historical) heller

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hela

  1. inflection of hel:
    1. definite singular
    2. plural

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Swedish hēla, from Old Norse heila, from Proto-Germanic *hailijaną. Equivalent to Swedish hel +‎ -a.

Verb[edit]

hela (present helar, preterite helade, supine helat, imperative hela)

  1. to heal; especially through faith
Conjugation[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Ternate[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay hela.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hela

  1. (transitive) to pull

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of hela
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st tohela fohela mihela
2nd nohela nihela
3rd Masculine ohela ihela, yohela
Feminine mohela
Neuter ihela
- archaic

References[edit]

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh