eala

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish ela, elae, from Old Irish elu, from Proto-Celtic *eli- ‎(swan), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁el- ‎(swan). Cognates within Celtic include Breton alarc’h, Cornish alargh, Welsh alarch, and outside Celtic Latin olor and Ancient Greek ἐλέα ‎(eléa, marsh bird).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

eala f ‎(genitive singular eala, nominative plural ealaí)

  1. swan
    • 1899, Franz Nikolaus Finck, Die araner mundart, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, vol. II, p. 22:
      xøn̄ik mē ȧlə eŕ ə l̄ox.
      conventional orthography: Chonaic mé eala ar an loch.
      I saw a swan on the lake.
    • 1899, Franz Nikolaus Finck, Die araner mundart, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, vol. II, p. 22:
      əs mō šḱihān ən ȧlə n̄ā šḱihān ǵē.
      conventional orthography: Is mó sciathán an eala ná sciathán gé.
      The wing of the swan is larger than the wing of a goose.
    • 1899, Franz Nikolaus Finck, Die araner mundart, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, vol. II, p. 22:
      xuə šȧxt n-ȧlə harm̥ sn̥ ēr əńú.
      conventional orthography: Chuaigh seacht n-eala tharam san aer inniu.
      Seven swans went past me in the air today.

Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
eala n-eala heala t-eala
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*elV-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, pages 114–15
  • 1 ela” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “eala” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • "eala" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

ǣlā , hēlā

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from a compound whose elements answer to ‎(hey) +‎ ‎(lo). Compare Old Frisian ēala ‎(hail!, hello!).

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ēalā

  1. oh!, alas!
    Eala! ðæt hit wurde: alas!, that it might be.

Descendants[edit]


Old Frisian[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ēala

  1. hail!
    Eala, frya Fresena!
    Hail, free Frisians!

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish ela.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

eala f ‎(genitive singular ealaidh, plural ealachan)

  1. swan