ruka

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See also: rúka

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *rǫka, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ránkāˀ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ruka f

  1. hand

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ruka in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • ruka in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Lower Sorbian[edit]

ruka

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *rǫka, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ránkāˀ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ruka f (diminutive rucka)

  1. hand

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ruka in Ernst Muka/Mucke (St. Petersburg and Prague 1911–28): Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow / Wörterbuch der nieder-wendischen Sprache und ihrer Dialekte. Reprinted 2008, Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.
  • ruka in Manfred Starosta (1999): Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.

Mapudungun[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ruka (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. house

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wixaleyiñ: Mapucezugun-wigkazugun pici hemvlcijka (Wixaleyiñ: Small Mapudungun-Spanish dictionary), Beretta, Marta; Cañumil, Dario; Cañumil, Tulio, 2008.

Molise Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Serbo-Croatian ruka.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ruka f

  1. hand

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Walter Breu and Giovanni Piccoli (2000), Dizionario croato molisano di Acquaviva Collecroce: Dizionario plurilingue della lingua slava della minoranza di provenienza dalmata di Acquaviva Collecroce in Provincia di Campobasso (Parte grammaticale).

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *rǫka, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ránkāˀ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /rǔːka/
  • Hyphenation: ru‧ka

Noun[edit]

rúka f (Cyrillic spelling ру́ка)

  1. arm
  2. hand

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *rǫka, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ránkāˀ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ruka f (genitive singular ruky, nominative plural ruky, genitive plural rúk, declension pattern of žena)

  1. The upper limb of a human, an arm
  2. The hand of a human
  3. The hand of a monkey
  4. A device similar to a hand or functioning as one
    drevená rukaa wooden hand (artificial limb)
  5. handwriting

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ruka in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Swahili[edit]

Verb[edit]

-ruka (infinitive kuruka)

  1. to jump
  2. to fly
  3. to transgress
  4. to denounce
  5. to shrink clothes

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -ruka
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kuruka kutoruka
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative ruka rukeni
Habitual huruka
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive niliruka
naliruka
tuliruka
twaliruka
uliruka
waliruka
mliruka
mwaliruka
aliruka waliruka uliruka iliruka liliruka yaliruka kiliruka viliruka iliruka ziliruka uliruka kuliruka paliruka muliruka
Relative nilioruka
nalioruka
tulioruka
twalioruka
ulioruka
walioruka
mlioruka
mwalioruka
alioruka walioruka ulioruka ilioruka lilioruka yalioruka kilioruka vilioruka ilioruka zilioruka ulioruka kulioruka palioruka mulioruka
Negative sikuruka hatukuruka hukuruka hamkuruka hakuruka hawakuruka haukuruka haikuruka halikuruka hayakuruka hakikuruka havikuruka haikuruka hazikuruka haukuruka hakukuruka hapakuruka hamukuruka
Present
Positive ninaruka
naruka
tunaruka unaruka mnaruka anaruka wanaruka unaruka inaruka linaruka yanaruka kinaruka vinaruka inaruka zinaruka unaruka kunaruka panaruka munaruka
Relative ninaoruka
naoruka
tunaoruka unaoruka mnaoruka anaoruka wanaoruka unaoruka inaoruka linaoruka yanaoruka kinaoruka vinaoruka inaoruka zinaoruka unaoruka kunaoruka panaoruka munaoruka
Negative siruki haturuki huruki hamruki haruki hawaruki hauruki hairuki haliruki hayaruki hakiruki haviruki hairuki haziruki hauruki hakuruki haparuki hamuruki
Future
Positive nitaruka tutaruka utaruka mtaruka ataruka wataruka utaruka itaruka litaruka yataruka kitaruka vitaruka itaruka zitaruka utaruka kutaruka pataruka mutaruka
Relative nitakaoruka tutakaoruka utakaoruka mtakaoruka atakaoruka watakaoruka utakaoruka itakaoruka litakaoruka yatakaoruka kitakaoruka vitakaoruka itakaoruka zitakaoruka utakaoruka kutakaoruka patakaoruka mutakaoruka
Negative sitaruka hatutaruka hutaruka hamtaruka hataruka hawataruka hautaruka haitaruka halitaruka hayataruka hakitaruka havitaruka haitaruka hazitaruka hautaruka hakutaruka hapataruka hamutaruka
Subjunctive
Positive niruke turuke uruke mruke aruke waruke uruke iruke liruke yaruke kiruke viruke iruke ziruke uruke kuruke paruke muruke
Negative nisiruke tusiruke usiruke msiruke asiruke wasiruke usiruke isiruke lisiruke yasiruke kisiruke visiruke isiruke zisiruke usiruke kusiruke pasiruke musiruke
Present Conditional
Positive ningeruka tungeruka ungeruka mngeruka angeruka wangeruka ungeruka ingeruka lingeruka yangeruka kingeruka vingeruka ingeruka zingeruka ungeruka kungeruka pangeruka mungeruka
Negative nisingeruka
singeruka
tusingeruka
hatungeruka
usingeruka
hungeruka
msingeruka
hamngeruka
asingeruka
hangeruka
wasingeruka
hawangeruka
usingeruka
haungeruka
isingeruka
haingeruka
lisingeruka
halingeruka
yasingeruka
hayangeruka
kisingeruka
hakingeruka
visingeruka
havingeruka
isingeruka
haingeruka
zisingeruka
hazingeruka
usingeruka
haungeruka
kusingeruka
hakungeruka
pasingeruka
hapangeruka
musingeruka
hamungeruka
Past Conditional
Positive ningaliruka tungaliruka ungaliruka mngaliruka angaliruka wangaliruka ungaliruka ingaliruka lingaliruka yangaliruka kingaliruka vingaliruka ingaliruka zingaliruka ungaliruka kungaliruka pangaliruka mungaliruka
Negative nisingaliruka
singaliruka
tusingaliruka
hatungaliruka
usingaliruka
hungaliruka
msingaliruka
hamngaliruka
asingaliruka
hangaliruka
wasingaliruka
hawangaliruka
usingaliruka
haungaliruka
isingaliruka
haingaliruka
lisingaliruka
halingaliruka
yasingaliruka
hayangaliruka
kisingaliruka
hakingaliruka
visingaliruka
havingaliruka
isingaliruka
haingaliruka
zisingaliruka
hazingaliruka
usingaliruka
haungaliruka
kusingaliruka
hakungaliruka
pasingaliruka
hapangaliruka
musingaliruka
hamungaliruka
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningeliruka tungeliruka ungeliruka mngeliruka angeliruka wangeliruka ungeliruka ingeliruka lingeliruka yangeliruka kingeliruka vingeliruka ingeliruka zingeliruka ungeliruka kungeliruka pangeliruka mungeliruka
General Relative
Positive nirukao turukao urukao mrukao arukao warukao urukao irukao lirukao yarukao kirukao virukao irukao zirukao urukao kurukao parukao murukao
Negative nisioruka tusioruka usioruka msioruka asioruka wasioruka usioruka isioruka lisioruka yasioruka kisioruka visioruka isioruka zisioruka usioruka kusioruka pasioruka musioruka
Gnomic
Positive naruka twaruka waruka mwaruka aruka waruka waruka yaruka laruka yaruka charuka vyaruka yaruka zaruka waruka kwaruka paruka mwaruka
Perfect
Positive nimeruka tumeruka umeruka mmeruka ameruka wameruka umeruka imeruka limeruka yameruka kimeruka vimeruka imeruka zimeruka umeruka kumeruka pameruka mumeruka
"Already"
Positive nimesharuka tumesharuka umesharuka mmesharuka amesharuka wamesharuka umesharuka imesharuka limesharuka yamesharuka kimesharuka vimesharuka imesharuka zimesharuka umesharuka kumesharuka pamesharuka mumesharuka
"Not yet"
Negative sijaruka hatujaruka hujaruka hamjaruka hajaruka hawajaruka haujaruka haijaruka halijaruka hayajaruka hakijaruka havijaruka haijaruka hazijaruka haujaruka hakujaruka hapajaruka hamujaruka
"If/When"
Positive nikiruka tukiruka ukiruka mkiruka akiruka wakiruka ukiruka ikiruka likiruka yakiruka kikiruka vikiruka ikiruka zikiruka ukiruka kukiruka pakiruka mukiruka
"If not"
Negative nisiporuka tusiporuka usiporuka msiporuka asiporuka wasiporuka usiporuka isiporuka lisiporuka yasiporuka kisiporuka visiporuka isiporuka zisiporuka usiporuka kusiporuka pasiporuka musiporuka
Consecutive
Positive nikaruka tukaruka ukaruka mkaruka akaruka wakaruka ukaruka ikaruka likaruka yakaruka kikaruka vikaruka ikaruka zikaruka ukaruka kukaruka pakaruka mukaruka
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Upper Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *rǫka, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ránkāˀ.

Noun[edit]

ruka f

  1. hand

Declension[edit]